The 7-239 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to Sialic acid-binding Ig-like lectin 1 (Siglec-1), which is also known as Sialoadhesin (SN), or CD169. Siglec-1 is a type I transmembrane glycoprotein that belongs to the Siglec family within the Ig superfamily. This adhesion molecule especially binds to glycolipids and glycoproteins with terminal α-2 sialyl residues. Siglec-1 is expressed by macrophages and dendritic cells and serves as a cellular interaction molecule. Its expression can be upregulated by cells in response to type II collagen, or to cytokines including interferons, and tumor necrosis factor. Siglec-1 plays roles in endocytosis, hematopoiesis, and leucocyte migration. It mediates macrophage binding to various cell types including developing and mature leucocytes. Siglec-1 that is expressed by dendritic cells can also bind HIV-1 and may mediate viral transfer to bystander CD4+ T cells. Several Siglec-1 counter-receptors have been described including CD43, CD206, and CD227 which are expressed by T cells, macrophages, or breast cancer cells, respectively. The 7-239 antibody reportedly blocks Siglec-1 functions in some cellular assay systems.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BUV661 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon BUV395 with an Ex Max of 348-nm and an acceptor dye with an Em Max at 661-nm. BD Horizon Brilliant BUV661 can be excited by the ultraviolet laser (355 nm) and detected with a 670/25 filter and a 630 nm LP. Due to cross laser excitation of this dye, there may be significant spillover into channels detecting APC-like emissions (eg, 670/25-nm filter).
Due to spectral differences between labeled cells and beads, using BD™ CompBeads can result in incorrect spillover values when used with BD Horizon BUV661 reagents. Therefore, the use of BD CompBeads or BD CompBeads Plus to determine spillover values for these reagents is not recommended. Different BUV661 reagents (eg, CD4 vs. CD45) can have slightly different fluorescence spillover therefore, it may also be necessary to use clone-specific compensation controls when using these reagents.