The 7H11 monoclonal antibody specifically recognizes mouse CD370 which is also known as DNGR-1 (Dendritic cell natural killer lectin group receptor 1). CD370 is an ~27 kDa single-pass type II transmembrane glycoprotein that is encoded by Clec9A (C-type lectin domain family member 9A) which belongs to the C-type lectin superfamily. CD370 (Clec9a) is selectively expressed as a disulfide-linked homodimer on plasmacytoid dendritic cells and CD8+ myeloid dendritic cells. This receptor is comprised of an extracellular region that contains a C-type lectin domain with a single carbohydrate recognition domain (CRD), followed by a transmembrane segment and a cytoplasmic tail with an immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (ITAM). CD370 (Clec9a) acts as a damage-associated molecular pattern receptor, ie, an endocytic receptor for damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs) that are expressed by necrotic cells, eg, cells dying due to infection or transformation. This receptor binds by its extracellular domain to exposed F-actin-myosin complexes of dead cells. Intracellular signaling mediated through ligand-bound CD370 (Clec9a) leads to phosphorylation of Syk tyrosine kinase. Further downstream signaling can foster MHC Class I-mediated cross-presentation of dead-cell associated antigens by dendritic cells to CD8+ T cells.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon BUV395 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. With an Ex Max near 348 nm and an Em Max near 395 nm, BD Horizon BUV395 can be excited by the ultraviolet laser (355 nm) laser and detected with a 379/28 filter. This dye has been exclusively developed by BD Biosciences as an optimal dye for use on instruments equipped with the ultraviolet laser and has virtually no spillover into any other detector.