The 21H12 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to TIM-4. TIM-4 is encoded by Timd4 (T cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain containing 4). TIM-4 is also known as Spleen, mucin-containing, knockout of lymphotoxin protein (SMUCKLER). TIM-4 is a single-pass type I membrane transmembrane glycoprotein belonging to the TIM family of the immunoglobulin superfamily. TIM-4 is expressed by macrophages and at low levels by dendritic cells. TIM-4 is a phosphatidylserine receptor that enhances the phagocytosis of apoptotic cells. It can also serve as a receptor for TIM-1, also known as the Hepatitis A virus cellular receptor 1 (Havcr1).
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BV421 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Violet family of dyes. With an Ex Max of 407-nm and Em Max at 421-nm, BD Horizon BV421 can be excited by the violet laser and detected in the standard Pacific Blue™ filter set (eg, 450/50-nm filter). BD Horizon BV421 conjugates are very bright, often exhibiting a 10 fold improvement in brightness compared to Pacific Blue conjugates.