The TU39 monoclonal antibody specifically recognizes human major histocompatibility (MHC) Class II HLA-DR, DP and most DQ antigens. These antigens are encoded by genes within the Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA) Complex located on chromosome 6. MHC Class II antigens are transmembrane heterodimeric glycoproteins composed of α chain (36 kDa) and β chain (27 kDa) subunits. They are expressed primarily on antigen presenting cells which include dendritic cells, monocytes, macrophages, thymic epithelial cells, and B cells. They are also expressed on activated T cells. This molecule plays a major role in mediating cellular interactions during antigen presentation to CD4+ T lineage cells. The TU39 antibody is reportedly useful for immunophenotyping as well as functional studies including the inhibition of mixed lymphocyte reactions and antibody-mediated complement fixation on target cells.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BV786 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Violet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon BV421 with an Ex Max of 405-nm and an acceptor dye with an Em Max at 786-nm. BD Horizon BV786 can be excited by the violet laser and detected in a filter used to detect Cy™7-like dyes (eg, 780/60-nm filter).