Reacts with platelet-endothelial cell tetraspan antigen-3 (PETA-3), a 27 kD membrane glycoprotein, expressed on platelets, megakaryocytes, lymphocytes (weak), monocytes, endothelial cells and epithelial cells. PETA-3 (CD151) associates with β1 integrin in certain tissues. This has also been shown with other tetraspan superfamily members, like CD9, CD63 and α5β1. Reports indicate that this association or colocalization of CD151 with β1 integrin in tissues suggests a functional role of this molecule, however, this role has not been elucidated yet. It has also been reported that antibody 14A2.H1 is capable of platelet activation in vitro. Studies showed that different clones of CD151 monoclonal antibodies display strikingly different patterns of binding to human haemopoietic cells and tissue sections, and that this is due at least in part to the presence of the protein in complexes with different integrins.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BUV496 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon BUV395 with an Ex Max of 348-nm and an acceptor dye with an Em Max at 496-nm. BD Horizon BUV496 can be excited by the ultraviolet laser (355 nm) and detected with a 515/30 nm filter with a 450LP. Due to the excitation of the acceptor dye by other laser lines, there may be significant spillover into the channel detecting BD Horizon V500 or BV510 (eg, 525/40-nm filter). However, the spillover can be corrected through compensation as with any other dye combination.