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R718 Mouse Anti-Human CD28
R718 Mouse Anti-Human CD28

Multivariate flow cytometric analysis of CD28 expression on human peripheral blood leucocyte populations. Human whole blood was stained with either BD Horizon™ R718 Mouse IgG1, κ Isotype Control (Cat. No. 566928; Left Plot) or BD Horizon™ R718 Mouse Anti-Human CD28 antibody (Cat. No. 567493/567492; Right Plot). Erythrocytes were lysed with BD FACS™ Lysing Solution (Cat. No. 349202). The bivariate pseudocolor density plot showing CD28 expression (or Ig Isotype control staining) versus side light-scatter (SSC-A) signals were derived from events with the forward and side light-scatter characteristics of intact leucocytes. Flow cytometry and data analysis were performed using a BD™ LSR II Flow Cytometer System and FlowJo™ software.

Multivariate flow cytometric analysis of CD28 expression on human peripheral blood leucocyte populations. Human whole blood was stained with either BD Horizon™ R718 Mouse IgG1, κ Isotype Control (Cat. No. 566928; Left Plot) or BD Horizon™ R718 Mouse Anti-Human CD28 antibody (Cat. No. 567493/567492; Right Plot). Erythrocytes were lysed with BD FACS™ Lysing Solution (Cat. No. 349202). The bivariate pseudocolor density plot showing CD28 expression (or Ig Isotype control staining) versus side light-scatter (SSC-A) signals were derived from events with the forward and side light-scatter characteristics of intact leucocytes. Flow cytometry and data analysis were performed using a BD™ LSR II Flow Cytometer System and FlowJo™ software.

Product Details
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BD Horizon™
CD28 antigen; T44; Tp44; TP44
Human (QC Testing), Rhesus, Cynomolgus, Baboon (Tested in Development)
Mouse C3H x BALB/c IgG1, κ
Human CD28 Transfected Cell Line
Flow cytometry (Routinely Tested)
5 µl
V 5T CD28.05
940
Aqueous buffered solution containing ≤0.09% sodium azide.
RUO


Preparation And Storage

Store undiluted at 4°C and protected from prolonged exposure to light. Do not freeze. The monoclonal antibody was purified from tissue culture supernatant or ascites by affinity chromatography. The antibody was conjugated to the dye under optimum conditions and unreacted dye was removed.

Recommended Assay Procedures

BD® CompBeads can be used as surrogates to assess fluorescence spillover (Compensation). When fluorochrome conjugated antibodies are bound to BD® CompBeads, they have spectral properties very similar to cells. However, for some fluorochromes there can be small differences in spectral emissions compared to cells, resulting in spillover values that differ when compared to biological controls. It is strongly recommended that when using a reagent for the first time, users compare the spillover on cells and BD CompBeads to ensure that BD® CompBeads are appropriate for your specific cellular application.

Product Notices

  1. This reagent has been pre-diluted for use at the recommended Volume per Test. We typically use 1 × 10^6 cells in a 100-µl experimental sample (a test).
  2. An isotype control should be used at the same concentration as the antibody of interest.
  3. Caution: Sodium azide yields highly toxic hydrazoic acid under acidic conditions. Dilute azide compounds in running water before discarding to avoid accumulation of potentially explosive deposits in plumbing.
  4. Please refer to www.bdbiosciences.com/us/s/resources for technical protocols.
  5. This product is provided under an Agreement between BIOTIUM and BD Biosciences. This product, and only in the amount purchased by buyer, may be used solely for buyer’s own internal research, in a manner consistent with the accompanying product literature. No other right to use, sell or otherwise transfer (a) this product, or (b) its components is hereby granted expressly, by implication or by estoppel. This product is for research use only. Diagnostic uses require a separate license from Biotium, Inc. For information on purchasing a license to this product including for purposes other than research, contact Biotium, Inc., 3159 Corporate Place, Hayward, CA 94545, Tel: (510) 265-1027. Fax: (510) 265-1352. Email: btinfo@biotium.com.
  6. Please refer to http://regdocs.bd.com to access safety data sheets (SDS).
  7. Alexa Fluor™ is a trademark of Life Technologies Corporation.
  8. Species cross-reactivity detected in product development may not have been confirmed on every format and/or application.
Antibody Details
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CD28.2

The CD28.2 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to CD28, a 44 kDa homodimeric transmembrane glycoprotein present on most mature T cells, thymocytes and plasma cells. CD28 is a costimulatory receptor that binds CD80 and CD86 as ligands and plays a very important role in T cell-B cell interactions. It has been suggested that CD28 initiates and regulates a separate and distinct signal transduction pathway from those stimulated by the TCR complex. Additionally, it has been reported that CD28 antibody clones vary in their ability to stimulate T cells to produce IL-2 and increase intracellular Ca2+ concentration. This finding suggests the existence of functionally distinct subregions on the CD28 molecule. CD28.2 has been demonstrated to bind to the same molecule as clone L293, another CD28 mAb, and has been reported to induce Ca2+ influx in Jurkat T cells.

The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ Red 718, which has been developed exclusively by for BD Biosciences as a better alternative to Alexa Fluor™ 700. BD Horizon™ Red 718 can be excited by the red laser (628 – 640 nm) and, with an Em Max around 718 nm, it can be detected using a 730/45 nm filter. Due to similar excitation and emission properties, we do not recommend using R718 in combination with APC-R700 or Alexa Fluor™ 700.

Format Details
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R718
The BD Horizon™ Red 718 (R718) Dye is part of the BD red family of dyes. It is a small organic fluorochrome with an excitation maximum (Ex Max) at 695-nm and an emission maximum (Em Max) at 718-nm. Driven by BD innovation, R718 is designed to be excited by the red laser (627–640-nm) and detected using an optical filter centered near 720-nm (e.g., a 720/40-nm bandpass filter). R718 is a brighter alternative to Alexa Fluor™ 700. R718 is also a bright small molecule alternative to APC-R700 with lower spread into the APC detector. Please ensure that your instrument’s configurations (lasers and optical filters) are appropriate for this dye.
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R718
Red 627-640 nm
695 nm
718 nm
Citations & References
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Development References (9)

  1. Barclay NA, Brown MH, Birkeland ML, et al, ed. The Leukocyte Antigen FactsBook. San Diego, CA: Academic Press; 1997.
  2. June CH, Bluestone JA, Nadler LM, Thompson CB. The B7 and CD28 receptor families. Immunol Today. 1994; 15(7):321-331. (Biology). View Reference
  3. Kuiper H, Brouwer M, Vermeire S, van Lier R. Analysis of the Workshop CD28 Panel mAb: distinct signalling pathways coupled to CD28. In: Schlossman SF. Stuart F. Schlossman .. et al., ed. Leucocyte typing V : white cell differentiation antigens : proceedings of the fifth international workshop and conference held in Boston, USA, 3-7 November, 1993. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 1995:373-374.
  4. Nunes J, Klasen S, Franco MD, et al. Signalling through CD28 T-cell activation pathway involves an inositol phospholipid-specific phospholipase C activity. Biochem J. 1993; 293(3):835-842. (Clone-specific: Calcium Flux, (Co)-stimulation, Functional assay). View Reference
  5. Nunes J, Klasen S, Ragueneau M, et al. CD28 mAbs with distinct binding properties differ in their ability to induce T cell activation: analysis of early and late activation events. Int Immunol. 1993; 5(3):311-315. (Immunogen: Calcium Flux, (Co)-stimulation, Flow cytometry, Functional assay, IC/FCM Block, Immunoprecipitation, Stimulation). View Reference
  6. Olive D, Cerdan C, Costello R, et al. CD28 and CTLA-4 cluster report. In: Schlossman SF. Stuart F. Schlossman .. et al., ed. Leucocyte typing V : white cell differentiation antigens : proceedings of the fifth international workshop and conference held in Boston, USA, 3-7 November, 1993. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 1995:360-370.
  7. Reimann KA, Waite BC, Lee-Parritz DE, et al. Use of human leukocyte-specific monoclonal antibodies for clinically immunophenotyping lymphocytes of rhesus monkeys. Cytometry. 1994; 17(1):102-108. (Biology). View Reference
  8. Schlossman SF. Stuart F. Schlossman .. et al., ed. Leucocyte typing V : white cell differentiation antigens : proceedings of the fifth international workshop and conference held in Boston, USA, 3-7 November, 1993. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 1995.
  9. Sopper S, Stahl-Hennig C, Demuth M, Johnston IC, Dorries R, ter Meulen V. Lymphocyte subsets and expression of differentiation markers in blood and lymphoid organs of rhesus monkeys. Cytometry. 1997; 29(4):351-362. (Biology). View Reference
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Comparisons, where applicable, are made against older BD Technology, manual methods or are general performance claims.  Comparisons are not made against non-BD technologies, unless otherwise noted.

For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.