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Purified Rat Anti-Mouse Ly-49D
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Purified Rat Anti-Mouse Ly-49D
Two-color analysis of Ly-49D expression on splenic NK cells. C57Bl/6 splenocytes were simultaneously stained with PE-conjugated mAb PK136 (anti-mouse NK-1.1, Cat. No. 557391/553165, both panels) and purified 4E5 mAb (right panel), followed by FITC-conjugated goat anti-rat Ig (Cat. No. 554016, both panels). Flow cytometry was performed on a FACScan™ (BDIS, San Jose, CA).
Two-color analysis of Ly-49D expression on splenic NK cells. C57Bl/6 splenocytes were simultaneously stained with PE-conjugated mAb PK136 (anti-mouse NK-1.1, Cat. No. 557391/553165, both panels) and purified 4E5 mAb (right panel), followed by FITC-conjugated goat anti-rat Ig (Cat. No. 554016, both panels). Flow cytometry was performed on a FACScan™ (BDIS, San Jose, CA).
Product Details
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BD Pharmingen™
Mouse (QC Testing)
Rat F344, also known as Fischer, CDF IgG2a, κ
Not Reported
Flow cytometry (Routinely Tested), Blocking, Depletion, Immunoprecipitation (Reported)
0.5 mg/ml
Aqueous buffered solution containing ≤0.09% sodium azide.

Preparation And Storage

The monoclonal antibody was purified from tissue culture supernatant or ascites by affinity chromatography. Store undiluted at 4°C.

Product Notices

  1. Since applications vary, each investigator should titrate the reagent to obtain optimal results.
  2. Please refer to for technical protocols.
  3. Caution: Sodium azide yields highly toxic hydrazoic acid under acidic conditions. Dilute azide compounds in running water before discarding to avoid accumulation of potentially explosive deposits in plumbing.
555312 Rev. 5
Antibody Details
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The 4E5 monoclonal antibody specifically recognizes Ly-49D, which is expressed on subsets of natural killer (NK) cells in C57BL/6, C3H/He (at a very low frequency), and SJL, but not DBA/2, AKR, CBA/J, or BALB/c mice. Unlike Ly-49D antigen has not been betected on NK-1.1+ (or DX5+) T cells. In 129/J mice, the 4E5 antibody cross-reacts with Ly-49O, Ly-49R, and Ly-49V. The Ly-49 family of NK-cell receptors, members of the C-type lectin superfamily, are disulfide-linked type-II transmembrane protein homodimers with extracellular carbohydrate-recognition domains, which bind to MHC class I alloantigens. The Ly-49 family members are expressed independently, such that an individual NK or T cell may display more than one class of Ly-49 receptor homodimers. Ly-49D weakly binds to MHC class I antigens of the k halpotype, and Ly-49D+ IL-2-activated NK cells lyse target cells expressing H-2[a], H-2[b], H-2[d], H-2[k], H-2[p], H-2[q], and H-2[s] and the CHO (Chinese hamster ovary) cell line. Ly-49D+ cells mediate allogenic resistance to H-2d bone marrow transplantation. In vitro studies suggest that the Ly-49D receptor mediates activation of NK-cell cytolytic activity via tyrosine phosphorylation of their ITIMs (Immunoreceptor Tyrosine-based Inhibitory Motifs). Molecular differences between the Ly-49D stimulatory receptor and the inhibitory members of the Ly-49 family include the absence of an ITIM in Ly-49D, the lack of phosphorylation of Ly-49D in activated NK cells, and the association of a novel tyrosine-phosphorylated protein (pp16) with Ly-49D in activated NK cells. Ly-49O and Ly-49V are closely related to Ly-49A[B6] and, like Ly-49A, have ITIM domains. Ly-49O- and Ly-49V-transfected 293T (human kidney epithelial) cells bind tetramers of H-2D[b], D[b], D[k], and L[d]. In addition, the Ly-49V-transfected cells also bind K[b], K[d], and K[k]. Ly-49R is closely related to Ly-49D[B6] and is putative activating receptor due to its  lack of an ITIM domain. Ly-49R-transfected 293T cells bind soluble tetramers of H-2D[b], D[d], D[k], and L[d].

555312 Rev. 5
Format Details
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Tissue culture supernatant is purified by either protein A/G or affinity purification methods. Both methods yield antibody in solution that is free of most other soluble proteins, lipids, etc. This format provides pure antibody that is suitable for a number of downstream applications including: secondary labeling for flow cytometry or microscopy, ELISA, Western blot, etc.
555312 Rev.5
Citations & References
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Development References (13)

  1. George TC, Mason LH, Ortaldo JR, Kumar V, Bennett M. Positive recognition of MHC class I molecules by the Ly49D receptor of murine NK cells. J Immunol. 1999; 162(4):2035-2043. (Clone-specific: Blocking). View Reference
  2. Hanke T, Takizawa H, McMahon CW, et al. Direct assessment of MHC class I binding by seven Ly49 inhibitory NK cell receptors. Immunity. 1999; 11(1):67-77. (Biology). View Reference
  3. Idris AH, Smith HR, Mason LH, Ortaldo JR, Scalzo AA, Yokoyama WM. The natural killer gene complex genetic locus Chok encodes Ly-49D, a target recognition receptor that activates natural killing. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1999; 96(11):6330-6335. (Clone-specific: Blocking). View Reference
  4. Makrigiannis AP, Pau AT, Saleh A, Winkler-Pickett R, Ortaldo JR, Anderson SK. Class I MHC-binding characteristics of the 129/J Ly49 repertoire. J Immunol. 2001; 166(8):5034-5043. (Biology). View Reference
  5. Mason LH, Anderson SK, Yokoyama WM, Smith HR, Winkler-Pickett R, Ortaldo JR. The Ly-49D receptor activates murine natural killer cells. J Exp Med. 1996; 184(6):2119-2128. (Biology). View Reference
  6. Mason LH, Gosselin P, Anderson SK, Fogler WE, Ortaldo JR, McVicar DW. Differential tyrosine phosphorylation of inhibitory versus activating Ly-49 receptor proteins and their recruitment of SHP-1 phosphatase. J Immunol. 1997; 159(9):4187-4196. (Biology). View Reference
  7. Mason LH, Willette-Brown J, Anderson SK, et al. Characterization of an associated 16-kDa tyrosine phosphoprotein required for Ly-49D signal transduction. J Immunol. 1998; 160(9):4148-4152. (Clone-specific: Immunoprecipitation). View Reference
  8. Ortaldo JR, Mason AT, Winkler-Pickett R, Raziuddin A, Murphy WJ, Mason LH. Ly-49 receptor expression and functional analysis in multiple mouse strains. J Leukoc Biol. 1999; 66(3):512-520. (Clone-specific). View Reference
  9. Ortaldo JR, Winkler-Pickett R, Mason AT, Mason LH. The Ly-49 family: regulation of cytotoxicity and cytokine production in murine CD3+ cells. J Immunol. 1998; 160(1):1158-1165. (Clone-specific). View Reference
  10. Raulet DH, Held W, Correa I, Dorfman JR, Wu MF, Corral L. Specificity, tolerance and developmental regulation of natural killer cells defined by expression of class I-specific Ly49 receptors. Immunol Rev. 1997; 155:41-52. (Biology). View Reference
  11. Raziuddin A, Longo DL, Mason L, Ortaldo JR, Bennett M, Murphy WJ. Differential effects of the rejection of bone marrow allografts by the depletion of activating versus inhibiting Ly-49 natural killer cell subsets. J Immunol. 1998; 160(1):87-94. (Biology). View Reference
  12. Takei F, Brennan J, Mager DL. The Ly-49 family: genes, proteins and recognition of class I MHC. Immunol Rev. 1997; 155:67-77. (Biology). View Reference
  13. Yokoyama WM, Seaman WE. The Ly-49 and NKR-P1 gene families encoding lectin-like receptors on natural killer cells: the NK gene complex. Annu Rev Immunol. 1993; 11:613-635. (Biology). View Reference
View All (13) View Less
555312 Rev. 5

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For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.