The A8 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to CD100 which is also known as Semaphorin-4D (SEMA4D). CD100 is a 150 kDa type I transmembrane glycoprotein that belongs to the semaphorin family. CD100 is widely expressed in the nervous and immune systems. Although it is expressed on T cells, its expression is significantly upregulated on activated T cells. It is also expressed on NK cells, B cells, and monocytes. CD100 is an adhesion molecule that functions as a signaling molecule which plays a role in lymphocyte activation. CD100 interaction with CD72 enhances B cell signaling and ultimately promotes B cell activation and survival.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BUV496 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon BUV395 with an Ex Max of 348-nm and an acceptor dye with an Em Max at 496-nm. BD Horizon BUV496 can be excited by the ultraviolet laser (355 nm) and detected with a 515/30 nm filter with a 450LP. Due to the excitation of the acceptor dye by other laser lines, there may be significant spillover into the channel detecting BD Horizon V500 or BV510 (eg, 525/40-nm filter). However, the spillover can be corrected through compensation as with any other dye combination.