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RB780 Mouse Anti-Human CD3
Product Details
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BD OptiBuild™
CD3E; CD3e; T-cell surface antigen T3/Leu-4 epsilon; T3E; TCRE
Human (Tested in Development)
Mouse BALB/c x A/J, also known as CAF1 IgG2a, κ
Sheep Erythrocyte Rosette-purified Human T Cells
Flow cytometry (Qualified)
0.2 mg/ml
VI 6T-R3, 6T-CD3.3
Aqueous buffered solution containing ≤0.09% sodium azide.

Preparation And Storage

Store undiluted at 4°C and protected from prolonged exposure to light. Do not freeze. The monoclonal antibody was purified from tissue culture supernatant or ascites by affinity chromatography. The antibody was conjugated to the dye under optimum conditions that minimize unconjugated dye and antibody.

Recommended Assay Procedures

BD® CompBeads can be used as surrogates to assess fluorescence spillover (compensation). When fluorochrome conjugated antibodies are bound to BD® CompBeads, they have spectral properties very similar to cells. However, for some fluorochromes there can be small differences in spectral emissions compared to cells, resulting in spillover values that differ when compared to biological controls. It is strongly recommended that when using a reagent for the first time, users compare the spillover on cells and BD® CompBeads to ensure that BD® CompBeads are appropriate for your specific cellular application.

Product Notices

  1. When using high concentrations of antibody, background binding of this dye to erythroid fragments produced by ammonium chloride-based lysis, such as with BD Pharm Lyse™ Lysing Buffer (Cat. No. 555899), has been observed when the antibody conjugate was present during the lysis procedure. This may cause nonspecific staining of target cells, such as leukocytes, which have bound the resulting erythroid fragments. This background can be mitigated by any of the following: titrating the antibody conjugate to a lower concentration, fixing samples with formaldehyde, or removing erythrocytes before staining (eg, gradient centrifugation or pre-lysis with wash). This background has not been observed when cells were lysed with BD FACS™ Lysing Solution (Cat. No. 349202) after staining.
  2. Researchers should determine the optimal concentration of this reagent for their individual applications.
  3. The production process underwent stringent testing and validation to assure that it generates a high-quality conjugate with consistent performance and specific binding activity. However, verification testing has not been performed on all conjugate lots.
  4. Please refer to for technical protocols.
  5. Please observe the following precautions: Absorption of visible light can significantly alter the energy transfer occurring in any tandem fluorochrome conjugate; therefore, we recommend that special precautions be taken (such as wrapping vials, tubes, or racks in aluminum foil) to prevent exposure of conjugated reagents, including cells stained with those reagents, to room illumination.
  6. An isotype control should be used at the same concentration as the antibody of interest.
  7. Caution: Sodium azide yields highly toxic hydrazoic acid under acidic conditions. Dilute azide compounds in running water before discarding to avoid accumulation of potentially explosive deposits in plumbing.
  8. Please refer to to access safety data sheets (SDS).
  9. For fluorochrome spectra and suitable instrument settings, please refer to our Multicolor Flow Cytometry web page at
  10. Since applications vary, each investigator should titrate the reagent to obtain optimal results.
  11. Cy is a trademark of Global Life Sciences Solutions Germany GmbH or an affiliate doing business as Cytiva.
  12. Human donor specific background has been observed in relation to the presence of anti-polyethylene glycol (PEG) antibodies, developed as a result of certain vaccines containing PEG, including some COVID-19 vaccines. We recommend use of BD Horizon Brilliant™ Stain Buffer in your experiments to help mitigate potential background. For more information visit
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Antibody Details
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The OKT3 monoclonal antibody specifically recognizes the CD3 epsilon subunit (CD3e/CD3ε) of the CD3 complex which consists of four transmembrane proteins (γ, δ, ε, ζ) that are associated with the T cell antigen receptor (TCR) to form the CD3/TCR complex. The CD3 complex associates with either TCR αβ or TCR γδ heterodimers that are alternatively expressed by some thymocytes, T cells or NKT cells. The CD3 complex is required for the cell surface expression and signal-transducing functions of the TCR. The CD3 complex is expressed by ~60-85% thymocytes and by all peripheral mature T cells. CD3e is also known as T3E or TCRE. CD3e is a ~20 kDa unglycosylated type I transmembrane protein that is encoded by CD3E which belongs to the immunoglobulin superfamily (IgSF). CD3e has an Ig-like extracellular domain (ECD) and an immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (ITAM) in its cytoplasmic domain. The OKT3 antibody can reportedly fix complement, stimulate T cell proliferation and cytokine production, and block the binding of other human CD3e-specific antibodies including UCHT1 and SK7.

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Format Details
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The BD Horizon RealBlue™ 780 (RB780) Dye is part of the BD family of blue dyes. It is a tandem fluorochrome with an excitation maximum (Ex Max) at 498-nm and an emission maximum (Em Max) at 781-nm. Driven by BD innovation, RB780 can be used on both spectral and conventional cytometers and is designed to be excited by the Blue laser (488-nm) with minimal excitation by the 561-nm Yellow-Green laser. For conventional instruments equipped with a Blue laser (488-nm), RB780 can be used as an alternative to PE-Cy7 and we recommend using an optical filter centered near 780-nm (eg, a 780/60-nm bandpass filter). For spectral instruments equipped with a Blue laser (488-nm), it can be used in conjunction with PE-Cy7. RB780 is on average brighter than PE-Cy7 and has minimal spillover into Yellow-Green detectors.
Blue 488 nm
498 nm
781 nm
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Citations & References
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Development References (12)

  1. Burns GF, Boyd AW, Beverley PC. Two monoclonal anti-human T lymphocyte antibodies have similar biologic effects and recognize the same cell surface antigen. J Immunol. 1982; 129(4):1451-1457. (Clone-specific: Blocking, Functional assay, Immunoprecipitation, Radioimmunoassay). View Reference
  2. Emmrich F. Selective stimulation of human CD4 and CD8 T-cells by crosslining the T-cell receptor with subset-specific differentiation antigens. In: McMichael AJ. A.J. McMichael .. et al., ed. Leucocyte typing III : white cell differentiation antigens. Oxford New York: Oxford University Press; 1987:203-206.
  3. Ernst DN, Shih CC. CD3 complex. J Biol Regul Homeost Agents. 2000; 14(3):226-229. (Biology). View Reference
  4. Horibe K, Knowles RW, Naito K, Morishima Y, Dupont B. Analysis of T lymphocyte antibody specificities: Comparison of serology with immunoprecipitation patterns. In: Bernard A. A. Bernard .. et al., ed. Leucocyte typing : human leucocyte differentiation antigens detected by monoclonal antibodies. Berlin New York: Springer-Verlag; 1984:212-224.
  5. Kung P, Goldstein G, Reinherz EL, Schlossman SF. Monoclonal antibodies defining distinctive human T cell surface antigens.. Science. 1979; 206(4416):347-9. (Immunogen: Cytotoxicity, Flow cytometry, Radioimmunoassay). View Reference
  6. Kurrle R, Seyfert W, Trautwein A, Seiler FR. T cell activation by CD3 antibodies. In: Reinherz EL. Ellis L. Reinherz .. et al., ed. Leukocyte typing II. New York: Springer-Verlag; 1986:137-146.
  7. Li B, Wang H, Dai J, et al. Construction and characterization of a humanized anti-human CD3 monoclonal antibody 12F6 with effective immunoregulation functions.. Immunology. 2005; 116(4):487-98. (Clone-specific: Blocking, Flow cytometry). View Reference
  8. Semnani R, Nutman TB, Corrado G, Hochman P, Shaw S, Van Seventer GA. Costimulation mediated by purified ICAM-1 and LFA-3 regulates differential stimulation and cytokine secretion of human 'naive' and 'memory' CD4+ T cells. In: Schlossman SF. Stuart F. Schlossman .. et al., ed. Leucocyte typing V : white cell differentiation antigens. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 1995:1488-1491.
  9. Touraine JL, Favrot MC, Ansary ME, Cordier G, de bouteiller O. Phenotype of prothymocytes from human bone marrow determined by monoclonal antibodies: Modification induced by thymic factots. In: Bernard A. A. Bernard .. et al., ed. Leucocyte typing : human leucocyte differentiation antigens detected by monoclonal antibodies. Berlin New York: Springer-Verlag; 1984:298-311.
  10. Tunnacliffe A, Olsson C, Traunecker A, Krissansen GW, Karjalainen K, de la Hera A. The majority of CD3 epitopes are conferred by the epsilon chain. In: Knapp W. W. Knapp .. et al., ed. Leucocyte typing IV : white cell differentiation antigens. Oxford New York: Oxford University Press; 1989:295-296.
  11. Van Wauwe JP, De Mey JR, Goossens JG. OKT3: a monoclonal anti-human T lymphocyte antibody with potent mitogenic properties.. J Immunol. 1980; 124(6):2708-13. (Clone-specific: Functional assay). View Reference
  12. Van Wauwe JP, Goossens JG, Beverley PC. Human T lymphocyte activation by monoclonal antibodies; OKT3, but not UCHT1, triggers mitogenesis via an interleukin 2-dependent mechanism. J Immunol. 1984; 133(1):129-132. (Clone-specific: Functional assay). View Reference
View All (12) View Less
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Please refer to Support Documents for Quality Certificates

Global - Refer to manufacturer's instructions for use and related User Manuals and Technical data sheets before using this products as described

Comparisons, where applicable, are made against older BD Technology, manual methods or are general performance claims.  Comparisons are not made against non-BD technologies, unless otherwise noted.

For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.