The 4A6 monoclonal antibody specifically recognizes mouse PDC-TREM, also known as TREM-4, which is a member of the Triggering Receptor Expressed on Myeloid cells (TREM) family of protein-binding receptors that regulate innate immune responses. Stimulation of plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) through toll-like receptors (TLRs) induces type I interferon production and PDC-TREM expression. Cell-surface expression and immune regulatory signaling by PDC-TREM require its association with Plexin-A1 and DNAX-activation Protein 12 (DAP12) and further augments type I interferon production by pDCs.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BUV737 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon BUV395 with an Ex Max of 348-nm and an acceptor dye with an Em Max at 737-nm. BD Horizon Brilliant BUV737 can be excited by the ultraviolet laser (355 nm) and detected with a 740/35 filter. Due to the excitation of the acceptor dye by other laser lines, there may be significant spillover into channels detecting Alexa Fluor® 700-like dyes (eg, 712/20-nm filter).
Due to spectral differences between labeled cells and beads, using BD™ CompBeads can result in incorrect spillover values when used with BD Horizon BUV737 reagents. Therefore, the use of BD CompBeads or BD CompBeads Plus to determine spillover values for these reagents is not recommended. Different BUV737 reagents (eg, CD4 vs. CD45) can have slightly different fluorescence spillover therefore, it may also be necessary to use clone specific compensation controls when using these reagents.