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BV421 Rat Anti-Mouse CD44
BV421 Rat Anti-Mouse CD44

Flow cytometric analysis of CD44 expression on mouse bone-marrow cells.  C57BL/6 mouse bone-marrow cells were preincubated with Purified Rat Anti-Mouse CD16/CD32 antibody (Mouse BD Fc Block™) (Cat. No. 553141/553142). The cells were then stained with either BD Horizon™ BV421 Rat IgG2b, κ Isotype Control (Cat. No. 562603; dashed line histogram) or BD Horizon™ BV421 Rat Anti-Mouse CD44 antibody (Cat. No. 563970; solid line histogram). The fluorescence histograms were derived from gated events with the forward and side light-scatter characteristics of viable bone marrow cells. Flow cytometric analysis was performed using a BD™ LSR II Flow Cytometer System.

Flow cytometric analysis of CD44 expression on mouse bone-marrow cells.  C57BL/6 mouse bone-marrow cells were preincubated with Purified Rat Anti-Mouse CD16/CD32 antibody (Mouse BD Fc Block™) (Cat. No. 553141/553142). The cells were then stained with either BD Horizon™ BV421 Rat IgG2b, κ Isotype Control (Cat. No. 562603; dashed line histogram) or BD Horizon™ BV421 Rat Anti-Mouse CD44 antibody (Cat. No. 563970; solid line histogram). The fluorescence histograms were derived from gated events with the forward and side light-scatter characteristics of viable bone marrow cells. Flow cytometric analysis was performed using a BD™ LSR II Flow Cytometer System.

Product Details
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BD Horizon™
Pgp-1; Ly-24; H-CAM; HERMES; ECMR-III; Hyaluronate Receptor
Mouse (QC Testing)
Rat IgG2b, κ
Dexamethasone-induced, SJL mouse spontaneous myeloid leukemia M1 cells myeloid leukemia M1
Flow cytometry (Routinely Tested)
0.2 mg/ml
12505
AB_2738517
Aqueous buffered solution containing BSA and ≤0.09% sodium azide.
RUO


Preparation And Storage

Store undiluted at 4°C and protected from prolonged exposure to light. Do not freeze. The monoclonal antibody was purified from tissue culture supernatant or ascites by affinity chromatography. The antibody was conjugated with BD Horizon BV421 under optimum conditions, and unconjugated antibody and free BD Horizon BV421 were removed.

Product Notices

  1. Since applications vary, each investigator should titrate the reagent to obtain optimal results.
  2. An isotype control should be used at the same concentration as the antibody of interest.
  3. Brilliant Violet™ 421 is a trademark of Sirigen.
  4. Pacific Blue™ is a trademark of Molecular Probes, Inc., Eugene, OR.
  5. Source of all serum proteins is from USDA inspected abattoirs located in the United States.
  6. Caution: Sodium azide yields highly toxic hydrazoic acid under acidic conditions. Dilute azide compounds in running water before discarding to avoid accumulation of potentially explosive deposits in plumbing.
  7. For fluorochrome spectra and suitable instrument settings, please refer to our Multicolor Flow Cytometry web page at www.bdbiosciences.com/colors.
  8. Please refer to www.bdbiosciences.com/us/s/resources for technical protocols.
563970 Rev. 1
Antibody Details
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IM7

The IM7 antibody specifically recognizes an epitope on both alloantigens and all isoforms of the CD44 glycoprotein (Pgp-1, Ly-24). The standard form of CD44, lacking variable exons and referred to as CD44H or CD44s, is widely expressed on hematopoietic and non-hematopoietic cells. CD44 isoforms encoded by variable exons are expressed on epithelial cells, but only at low levels on most leukocytes. Mice with the Ly-24.1 alloantigen (e.g., BALB/c, CBA/J, DBA/1, DBA/2) have relatively large subsets of CD44H+ T lymphocytes, while Ly-24.2 strains (e.g., A, AKR, CBA/N, C3H/He, C57BL, C57BR, C57L, C58, NZB, SJL, SWR, 129) have fewer CD44H+ T cells. CD44 is a cell adhesion receptor, and its principal ligand, hyaluronate, is a common component of extracellular matrices. Differential glycosylation of CD44 influences its binding to hyaluronate.  Additional ligands include the cell surface form of CD74 and the cytokine osteopontin (Eta-1). Bone marrow- and thymus-derived progenitor cells capable of repopulating the thymus express CD44. In the periphery, the level of CD44 expression increases upon activation of B lymphocytes, CD4+ T cells, and CD8+ T cells; memory cells can be recognized by their CD44[hi] phenotype. The IM7 mAb inhibits established collagen-induced arthritis in DBA/1 mice. Moreover, it prevents CNS inflammation and clinical symptoms of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis. In contrast, the same antibody exacerbates experimental autoimmune thyroiditis in CBA/J mice. The IM7 mAb recognizes a different epitope from that recognized by mAb KM114, and the antibody pair can be used in ELISA to detect soluble CD44. It has been observed that IM7 antibody crossreacts with human, dog, cat, horse, cow, and pig leukocytes. Anti-human CD44, clone G44-26, and IM7 antibody compete for binding to human peripheral blood lymphocytes.

The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BV421 which is part of the BD Horizon™ Brilliant Violet™ family of dyes.  With an Ex Max of 407-nm and Em Max at 421-nm, BD Horizon™ BV421  can be excited by the violet laser and detected in the standard Pacific Blue™ filter set (eg, 450/50-nm filter). BD Horizon™ BV421  conjugates are very bright, often exhibiting a 10 fold improvement in brightness compared to Pacific Blue™ conjugates.

563970 Rev. 1
Format Details
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BV421
The BD Horizon Brilliant Violet™ 421 (BV421) Dye is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant Violet™ family of dyes. This polymer-technology based dye has an excitation maximum (Ex Max) of 407-nm and an emission maximum (Em Max) at 423-nm. Driven by BD innovation, BV421 is designed to be excited by the violet laser (405-nm) and detected using an optical filter centered near 420-nm (e.g., a 431/28-nm or 450/50-nm bandpass filter). BV421 is an ideal alternative for V450 as it is approximately ten times brighter with less spillover into the BV510/V500 detector. Please ensure that your instrument’s configurations (lasers and optical filters) are appropriate for this dye.
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BV421
Violet 405 nm
407 nm
423 nm
563970 Rev.1
Citations & References
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Development References (18)

  1. Brocke S, Piercy C, Steinman L, Weissman IL, Veromaa T. Antibodies to CD44 and integrin alpha4, but not L-selectin, prevent central nervous system inflammation and experimental encephalomyelitis by blocking secondary leukocyte recruitment. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1999; 96(12):6896-6901. (Clone-specific: Blocking). View Reference
  2. Budd RC, Cerottini JC, Horvath C, et al. Distinction of virgin and memory T lymphocytes. Stable acquisition of the Pgp-1 glycoprotein concomitant with antigenic stimulation. J Immunol. 1987; 138(10):3120-3129. (Clone-specific: Flow cytometry, Fluorescence activated cell sorting, Immunoprecipitation). View Reference
  3. Camp RL, Scheynius A, Johansson C, Pure E. CD44 is necessary for optimal contact allergic responses but is not required for normal leukocyte extravasation. J Exp Med. 1993; 178(2):497-507. (Clone-specific: Induction, Inhibition, Radioimmunoassay). View Reference
  4. Ernst DN, Weigle WO, Noonan DJ, McQuitty DN, Hobbs MV. The age-associated increase in IFN-γ synthesis by mouse CD8+ T cells correlates with shifts in the frequencies of cell subsets defined by membrane CD44, CD45RB, 3G11, and MEL-14 expression. J Immunol. 1993; 151(2):575-587. (Clone-specific: Flow cytometry). View Reference
  5. Godfrey DI, Kennedy J, Suda T, Zlotnik A. A developmental pathway involving four phenotypically and functionally distinct subsets of CD3-CD4-CD8- triple-negative adult mouse thymocytes defined by CD44 and CD25 expression. J Immunol. 1993; 150(10):4244-4252. (Clone-specific: Flow cytometry, Fluorescence activated cell sorting). View Reference
  6. Hathcock KS, Hirano H, Murakami S, Hodes RJ. CD44 expression on activated B cells. Differential capacity for CD44-dependent binding to hyaluronic acid. J Immunol. 1993; 151(12):6712-6722. (Clone-specific: Flow cytometry, Immunoprecipitation). View Reference
  7. Hyman R, Lesley J, Schulte R, Trotter J. Progenitor cells in the thymus: most thymus-homing progenitor cells in the adult mouse thymus bear Pgp-1 glycoprotein but not interleukin-2 receptor on their cell surface. Cell Immunol. 1986; 101(2):320-327. (Clone-specific: Flow cytometry). View Reference
  8. Katoh S, McCarthy JB, Kincade PW. Characterization of soluble CD44 in the circulation of mice. Levels are affected by immune activity and tumor growth. J Immunol. 1994; 153(8):3440-3449. (Clone-specific: ELISA). View Reference
  9. Katoh S, Zheng Z, Oritani K, Shimozato T, Kincade PW. Glycosylation of CD44 negatively regulates its recognition of hyaluronan. J Exp Med. 1995; 182(2):419-429. (Clone-specific: Blocking). View Reference
  10. Lesley J, Hyman R, Kincade PW. CD44 and its interaction with extracellular matrix. Adv Immunol. 1993; 54:271-335. (Biology). View Reference
  11. Lesley J, Trowbridge IS. Genetic characterization of a polymorphic murine cell-surface glycoprotein. Immunogenetics. 1982; 15(3):313-320. (Immunogen: Flow cytometry, Immunoprecipitation). View Reference
  12. Lynch F, Ceredig R. Mouse strain variation in Ly-24 (Pgp-1) expression by peripheral T cells and thymocytes: implications for T cell differentiation. Eur J Immunol. 1989; 19(2):223-229. (Clone-specific: Flow cytometry). View Reference
  13. MacDonald HR, Budd RC, Cerottini JC. Pgp-1 (Ly 24) as a marker of murine memory T lymphocytes. Curr Top Microbiol Immunol. 1990; 159:97-109. (Biology). View Reference
  14. Matsumoto G, Nghiem MP, Nozaki N, Schmits R, Penninger JM. Cooperation between CD44 and LFA-1/CD11a adhesion receptors in lymphokine-activated killer cell cytotoxicity. J Immunol. 1998; 160(12):5781-5789. (Clone-specific: Flow cytometry). View Reference
  15. Naor D, Sionov RV, Ish-Shalom D. CD44: structure, function, and association with the malignant process. Adv Cancer Res. 1997; 71:241-319. (Biology). View Reference
  16. Nedvetzki S, Walmsley M, Alpert E, Williams RO, Feldmann M, Naor D. CD44 involvement in experimental collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). J Autoimmun. 1999; 13(1):39-47. (Clone-specific: Blocking). View Reference
  17. Trowbridge IS, Lesley J, Schulte R, Hyman R, Trotter J. Biochemical characterization and cellular distribution of a polymorphic, murine cell-surface glycoprotein expressed on lymphoid tissues. Immunogenetics. 1982; 15:299-312. (Immunogen: Cytotoxicity, Immunoprecipitation). View Reference
  18. Vremec D, Zorbas M, Scollay R, et al. The surface phenotype of dendritic cells purified from mouse thymus and spleen: investigation of the CD8 expression by a subpopulation of dendritic cells. J Exp Med. 1992; 176(1):47-58. (Clone-specific: Flow cytometry). View Reference
View All (18) View Less
563970 Rev. 1

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For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.