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BV421 Mouse Anti-Human GPR56
BV421 Mouse Anti-Human GPR56

Multicolor flow cytometric analysis of GPR56 expression on human peripheral blood lymphocyte populations. Whole blood was stained with APC Mouse Anti-Human CD56 (Cat. No. 555518) and either BD Horizon™ BV421 Mouse IgG1, κ Isotype Control (Cat. No. 562438; Left Plot) or BD Horizon™ BV421 Mouse Anti-Human GPR56 (Cat. No. 567625/567626; Right Plot). Erythrocytes were lysed with BD FACS™ Lysing Solution (Cat. No. 349202). Bivariate pseudocolor dot plots showing either GPR56 [or Ig isotype control] staining versus CD56 were derived from gated events with the forward and side light-scatter characteristics of intact lymphocytes. Flow cytometry and data analysis were performed using a BD LSRFortessa™ X-20 Cell Analyzer System and FlowJo® software.

Multicolor flow cytometric analysis of GPR56 expression on human peripheral blood lymphocyte populations. Whole blood was stained with APC Mouse Anti-Human CD56 (Cat. No. 555518) and either BD Horizon™ BV421 Mouse IgG1, κ Isotype Control (Cat. No. 562438; Left Plot) or BD Horizon™ BV421 Mouse Anti-Human GPR56 (Cat. No. 567625/567626; Right Plot). Erythrocytes were lysed with BD FACS™ Lysing Solution (Cat. No. 349202). Bivariate pseudocolor dot plots showing either GPR56 [or Ig isotype control] staining versus CD56 were derived from gated events with the forward and side light-scatter characteristics of intact lymphocytes. Flow cytometry and data analysis were performed using a BD LSRFortessa™ X-20 Cell Analyzer System and FlowJo® software.

Product Details
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BD Horizon™
G protein-coupled receptor 56; ADGRG1; BFPP; BPPR; TM7LN4; TM7XN1; testicular tissue protein Li 77
Human (QC Testing), Mouse (Tested in Development)
Mouse BALB/c IgG1, κ
Human GPR56 Recombinant Protein
Flow cytometry (Routinely Tested)
5 µl
Aqueous buffered solution containing BSA and ≤0.09% sodium azide.
RUO


Preparation And Storage

Store undiluted at 4°C and protected from prolonged exposure to light. Do not freeze. The monoclonal antibody was purified from tissue culture supernatant or ascites by affinity chromatography. The antibody was conjugated to the dye under optimum conditions and unconjugated antibody and free dye were removed.

Recommended Assay Procedures

BD® CompBeads can be used as surrogates to assess fluorescence spillover (Compensation). When fluorochrome conjugated antibodies are bound to BD® CompBeads, they have spectral properties very similar to cells.  However, for some fluorochromes there can be small differences in spectral emissions compared to cells, resulting in spillover values that differ when compared to biological controls. It is strongly recommended that when using a reagent for the first time, users compare the spillover on cells and BD® CompBeads to ensure that BD® CompBeads are appropriate for your specific cellular application.

For optimal and reproducible results, BD Horizon Brilliant™ Stain Buffer should be used anytime BD Horizon Brilliant™ dyes are used in a multicolor flow cytometry panel. Fluorescent dye interactions may cause staining artifacts which may affect data interpretation. The BD Horizon Brilliant™ Stain Buffer was designed to minimize these interactions. When BD Horizon Brilliant™ Stain Buffer is used in in the multicolor panel, it should also be used in the corresponding compensation controls for all dyes to achieve the most accurate compensation. For the most accurate compensation, compensation controls created with either cells or beads should be exposed to BD Horizon Brilliant™ Stain Buffer for the same length of time as the corresponding multicolor panel. More information can be found in the Technical Data Sheet of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Stain Buffer (Cat. No. 563794/566349) or the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Stain Buffer Plus (Cat. No. 566385).

Product Notices

  1. This reagent has been pre-diluted for use at the recommended Volume per Test. We typically use 1 × 10^6 cells in a 100-µl experimental sample (a test).
  2. An isotype control should be used at the same concentration as the antibody of interest.
  3. Source of all serum proteins is from USDA inspected abattoirs located in the United States.
  4. Caution: Sodium azide yields highly toxic hydrazoic acid under acidic conditions. Dilute azide compounds in running water before discarding to avoid accumulation of potentially explosive deposits in plumbing.
  5. Please refer to www.bdbiosciences.com/us/s/resources for technical protocols.
  6. For fluorochrome spectra and suitable instrument settings, please refer to our Multicolor Flow Cytometry web page at www.bdbiosciences.com/colors.
  7. BD Horizon Brilliant Violet 421 is covered by one or more of the following US patents: 8,158,444; 8,362,193; 8,575,303; 8,354,239.
  8. BD Horizon Brilliant Stain Buffer is covered by one or more of the following US patents: 8,110,673; 8,158,444; 8,575,303; 8,354,239.
  9. Please refer to http://regdocs.bd.com to access safety data sheets (SDS).
  10. Pacific Blue™ is a trademark of Life Technologies Corporation.
  11. Species cross-reactivity detected in product development may not have been confirmed on every format and/or application.
567625 Rev. 1
Antibody Details
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CG4.rMAb

The CG4.rMab is a recombinant monoclonal antibody that was derived from CG4 hybridoma cells. The CG4.rMab specifically binds to human G-protein coupled receptor 56 (GPR56) like the conventional CG4 antibody and performs like the CG4 antibody when used to stain cells and analyze them by flow cytometry. GPR56 is also known as adhesion G-protein coupled receptor G1 (ADGRG1), or TM7XN1. GPR56 is a ~15kDa G protein-coupled receptor encoded by ADGRG1 which belongs to the adhesion-GPCR family that comprises 33 members in human. The extracellular region contains a mucin-like domain followed by a membrane proximal GPCR-autoproteolysis inducing (GAIN) domain, seven transmembrane regions and a cytoplasmic tail. The constitutive self-cleavage at the proteolytic site gives rise to a membrane spanning (C-terminal fragment or CTF) and an extracellular (N-terminal fragment or NTF) subunit that remain noncovalently bound, leading to the expression of a heterodimeric receptor at the cell surface. GPR56 is widely expressed with the highest levels of messenger found in the brain, heart, and thyroid gland. Recently, GPR56 was found to be variably expressed on platelets, cytotoxic NK cells and T lymphocytes including CD4+, CD8+, and γδ T cells. It was shown that GPR56 functions as an inhibitory receptor on NK cells through interaction with CD81. While GPR56 NTF associates with Tissue transglutaminase 2 and Collagen III (α-1), GPR56 CTF can recruit Gα proteins leading to the activation of mTOR and RhoA signaling pathways. GPR56 has been implicated in cell-cell interactions, adhesion, migration, and regulation of cell proliferation and survival of various cell types. New evidence also shows a role of GPR56 in tumor progression. Recently, the CG4 antibody was found to activate GPR56 in melanoma cells leading to an increase of IL-6 secretion, in a CD9/CD81-dependent manner.

The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BV421 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Violet family of dyes. With an Ex Max near 407 nm and Em Max near 421 nm, BD Horizon™ BV421 can be excited by the violet laser (405 nm) and detected with a 450/50 nm filter. BD Horizon™ BV421 conjugates are very bright, often exhibiting a 10 fold improvement in brightness compared to Pacific Blue™ conjugates. Due to nearly identical excitation and emission properties but different spillover characteristics, BD Horizon™ BV421, Pacific Blue™, and BD Horizon™ V450 cannot be used simultaneously.

567625 Rev. 1
Format Details
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BV421
The BD Horizon Brilliant Violet™ 421 (BV421) Dye is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant Violet™ family of dyes. This polymer-technology based dye has an excitation maximum (Ex Max) of 407-nm and an emission maximum (Em Max) at 423-nm. Driven by BD innovation, BV421 is designed to be excited by the violet laser (405-nm) and detected using an optical filter centered near 420-nm (e.g., a 431/28-nm or 450/50-nm bandpass filter). BV421 is an ideal alternative for V450 as it is approximately ten times brighter with less spillover into the BV510/V500 detector. Please ensure that your instrument’s configurations (lasers and optical filters) are appropriate for this dye.
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BV421
Violet 405 nm
407 nm
423 nm
567625 Rev.1
Citations & References
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Development References (6)

  1. Della Chiesa M, Falco M, Parolini S, et al. GPR56 as a novel marker identifying the CD56dull CD16+ NK cell subset both in blood stream and in inflamed peripheral tissues.. Int Immunol. 2010; 22(2):91-100. (Biology: Flow cytometry). View Reference
  2. Liu M, Parker RM, Darby K, et al. GPR56, a novel secretin-like human G-protein-coupled receptor gene.. Genomics. 1999; 55(3):296-305. (Biology). View Reference
  3. Pabst C, Bergeron A, Lavallée VP, et al. GPR56 identifies primary human acute myeloid leukemia cells with high repopulating potential in vivo.. Blood. 2016; 127(16):2018-27. (Clone-specific: Flow cytometry). View Reference
  4. Peng YM, van de Garde MD, Cheng KF, et al. Specific expression of GPR56 by human cytotoxic lymphocytes.. J Leukoc Biol. 2011; 90(4):735-40. (Immunogen: Flow cytometry). View Reference
  5. Piao X, Hill RS, Bodell A, et al. G protein-coupled receptor-dependent development of human frontal cortex.. Science. 2004; 303(5666):2033-6. (Biology). View Reference
  6. Rao TN, Marks-Bluth J, Sullivan J, et al. High-level Gpr56 expression is dispensable for the maintenance and function of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells in mice.. Stem Cell Res. 2015; 14(3):307-22. (Clone-specific: Flow cytometry). View Reference
View All (6) View Less
567625 Rev. 1

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Global - Refer to manufacturer's instructions for use and related User Manuals and Technical data sheets before using this products as described


Comparisons, where applicable, are made against older BD Technology, manual methods or are general performance claims.  Comparisons are not made against non-BD technologies, unless otherwise noted.

For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.