The MD22 monoclonal antibody specifically recognizes CD64 which is also known as Fc-gamma receptor I (FcgR1) or FcγRI. CD64 is a ~72 kDa type I transmembrane glycoprotein that is encoded by FCGR1A (Fc fragment of IgG receptor Ia). CD64 functions as a high affinity receptor for human IgG. The CD64 antigen is expressed on monocytes, macrophages, at low levels on polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs), and on a subpopulation of circulating dendritic cells. The CD64 antigen is an early granulomonocytic lineage marker on CD34+ hematopoietic progenitors. Expression of the CD64 antigen increases transiently in cases of sepsis. The CD64 antigen functions in both innate and adaptive immune responses, and mediates endocytosis, phagocytosis, antigen presentation, antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity, cytokine release, and superoxide generation. The CD64 antigen associates with the signal-transducing γ-chain homodimer of Fc receptors to form the functional high affinity FcγRI complex. Ligation of the CD64 antigen leads to the activation of the protein tyrosine kinases, hck and lyn.
The antibody was conjugated to an oligonucleotide that contains an antibody clone-specific barcode (ABC) flanked by a poly-A tail on the 3' end and a PCR handle (PCR primer binding site) on the 5' end. The ABC for this antibody was designed to be used with other BD AbSeq oligonucleotides conjugated to other antibodies. All AbSeq ABC sequences were selected in silico to be unique from human and mouse genomes, have low predicted secondary structure, and have high Hamming distance within the BD AbSeq portfolio, to allow for sequencing error correction and unique mapping. The poly-A tail of the oligonucleotide allows the ABC to be captured by the BD Rhapsody™ system. The 5' PCR handle allows for efficient sequencing library generation for Illumina sequencing platforms.
NOTE: The BD Rhapsody Single-Cell Analysis System must be used with the BD Rhapsody Express Instrument.