The 2D10.4 monoclonal antibody, also known as 2D10, specifically recognizes CD80 which is otherwise known as Activation B7-1 antigen (B7-1), B7.1, or B7. This ~60 kDa single-pass type I transmembrane glycoprotein is encoded by CD80 (CD80 molecule) that belongs to the immunoglobulin gene superfamily (IgSF). CD80 (B7-1) is comprised of an extracellular region with an IgV-like domain followed by an IgC-like domain, a transmembrane region and a cytoplasmic tail. It is variably expressed on activated B cells, activated CD4+ and CD8+ T cells, macrophages, and dendritic cells. CD80 (B7-1) serves as a ligand for the CD28 and CD152 (CTLA-4) coreceptors that are differentially expressed on T cells. CD80 (B7-1) engagement of CD28 costimulates T cells activated through their TCR-CD3 complex whereas its interaction with CD152 (CTLA-4) generates an inhibitory signal for T cell responses.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon BV750 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Violet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon BV421 with an Ex Max of 405-nm and an acceptor dye with an Em Max at 750-nm. BD Horizon Brilliant BV750 can be excited by the violet laser (405 nm) and detected with a 750/30 nm filter with a 740 nm long pass. Due to spectral differences between labeled cells and beads, using BD™ CompBeads can result in incorrect spillover values when used with BD Horizon BV750 reagents. Therefore, the use of BD CompBeads or BD CompBeads Plus to determine spillover values for these reagents is not recommended.