The UP-D1 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to Immune receptor expressed on myeloid cells 1 (IREM-1). IREM-1 is encoded by CD300LF. It is also known as CD300 antigen-like family member F (CD300f), CMRF35-like molecule 1 (CLM-1/CLM1), NK inhibitory receptor (NKIR), or Immunoglobulin superfamily member 13 (IgSF13). IREM-1/CD300f is expressed on monocytes, dendritic cells, granulocytes, and mast cells. IREM-1 is a single-pass type I transmembrane glycoprotein that belongs to the CMRF family of the Ig gene superfamily. The long intracellular region of IREM-1 contains two classical immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motifs (ITIM). Ligand-bound IREM-1 can transduce negative regulatory signals intracellularly by recruiting SHP1 or SHIP phosphatases that in turn dephosphorylate tyrosine residues within activating cell signaling molecules. CD300f may thus play a role in regulating inflammatory responses involving myeloid cells.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon BUV615 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome with an Ex Max near 350 nm and an Em Max near 615 nm. BD Horizon Brilliant BUV615 can be excited by the ultraviolet laser (355 nm) and detected with a 610/20 filter and a 595 nm LP. Due to the excitation of the acceptor dye by the blue/yellow-green laser line, there may be significant spillover into channels detecting PE-CF594 like emissions (eg, 610/20-nm filter).