Fas antigen, CD95, is a 45 kDa cell-surface protein which can mediate apoptosis. It belongs to the TNF (tumor necrosis factor)/NGF receptor family. Expression of Fas has been described in the thymus, liver, heart, lung and ovary. Fas plays an important role in the apoptotic process that takes place during development. Monoclonal antibodies recognizing Fas such as Jo2 have cytolytic activity on cells expressing Fas. The cell death stimulated by Fas antibodies is characteristic of apoptosis and suggests that the lethal effects are a result of interaction of antibody with a functional Fas antigen as opposed to complement-mediated lysis.
The Jo2 antibody recognizes mouse Fas. The Jo2 antibody shows cytolytic activity against cell lines expressing mouse Fas by inducing apoptosis. Intraperitoneal injections of Jo2 mAb have been shown to kill mice and induce apoptotic hepatocyte death. Jo2 mAb has been reported to immunoprecipitate mouse Fas as a 45 kDa band from W4 cells. W4 cells are WR19L mouse lymphoma cells transformed with mouse Fas. The difference between the observed MW of Fas and that deduced from its amino acid sequence (Mr 34,971) may be due to glycosylation.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BV786 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Violet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon BV421 with an Ex Max of 405-nm and an acceptor dye with an Em Max at 786-nm. BD Horizon BV786 can be excited by the violet laser and detected in a filter used to detect Cy™7-like dyes (eg, 780/60-nm filter).