The DECMA-1 monoclonal antibody specifically recognizes the extracellular domain of mouse E-Cadherin (CD324). E-Cadherin is a 120-kDa transmembrane glycoprotein that is localized in the adherens junctions of epithelial cells. There it interacts with the cytoskeleton through the associated cytoplasmic catenin proteins. In addition to being a calcium-dependent adhesion molecule, E-Cadherin is also a critical regulator of epithelial junction formation. Its association with catenins is necessary for cell-to-cell adhesion. These E-Cadherin/catenin complexes associate with cortical actin bundles at both the zonula adherens and the lateral adhesion plaques. Tyrosine phosphorylation can disrupt these complexes, leading to changes in cell adhesion properties. E-Cadherin expression is often down-regulated in highly invasive, poorly differentiated carcinomas. Increased expression of E-Cadherin in these cells reduces their invasiveness. Thus, loss of expression or function of E-Cadherin appears to be an important step in tumorigenic progression. Pluripotent stem cells express E-Cadherin. Upon differentiation, an epithelial to mesenchymal transition results in the loss of E-cadherin expression and a gain in the expression of N-cadherin. The DECMA-1 mAb recognizes the membrane proximal part of the extracellular region of E-Cadherin and blocks E-Cadherin-mediated aggregation of cells. It has been reported to cross-react with E-Cadherin in humans, as well as several other species. However, the human cross-reactivity was weak when tested by flow cytometry on the MCF-7 breast cancer cell line in comparison to BD Biosciences' Anti-Human DECMA-1 mAb 67A4.
This antibody is conjugated to BD Horizon™ BV605 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Violet family of dyes. With an Ex Max of 407-nm and Em Max of 602-nm, BD Horizon BV605 can be excited by a violet laser and detected with a standard 610/20-nm filter set. BD Horizon BV605 is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon BV421 and an acceptor dye with an Em max at 605-nm. Due to the excitation of the acceptor dye by the green (532 nm) and yellow-green (561 nm) lasers, there will be significant spillover into the PE and BD Horizon PE-CF594 detectors off the green or yellow-green lasers. BD Horizon BV605 conjugates are very bright, often exhibiting brightness equivalent to PE conjugates and can be used as a third color off of the violet laser.