The V13-864 monoclonal antibody specifically recognizes CX3C motif chemokine Ligand 1 (CX3CL1), which is also known as fractalkine. CX3CL1 (Fractalkine) is the only known member of the CX3C chemokine subfamily and is expressed as both membrane-bound and secreted forms. Unlike other chemokines, CX3CL1is expressed on the surface of endothelial cells and not significantly expressed on peripheral blood leukocytes. CX3CL1's receptor is known as CX3CR1 and is expressed on cytotoxic T cells, NK cells, dendritic cells, and monocytes. Overexpression of CX3CL1 (Fractalkine) in some malignant tumors may contribute to the recruitment of effectors for innate and adaptive immunity.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BV421 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Violet family of dyes. With an Ex Max of 407-nm and Em Max at 421-nm, BD Horizon BV421 can be excited by the violet laser and detected in the standard Pacific Blue™ filter set (eg, 450/50-nm filter). BD Horizon BV421 conjugates are very bright, often exhibiting a 10 fold improvement in brightness compared to Pacific Blue conjugates.