Alexa Fluor® 647 Hamster Anti-Mouse CD61
Clone 2C9.G2 (also known as HMβ3-1) (RUO)
- Brand BD Pharmingen™
- Alternative Name Itgb3; Integrin beta-3; INGRB3; Platelet glycoprotein IIIa; GP3A; GPIIIa
- Concentration 0.2 mg/ml
- Isotype Armenian Hamster IgG1, κ
- Reactivity Mouse (QC Testing) Rat (Tested in Development)
Flow cytometry (Routinely Tested)
- Immunogen Mouse T-cell Hybridoma 2B4 Vitronectin Receptor
- Entrez Gene ID 16416
- Storage Buffer Aqueous buffered solution containing ≤0.09% sodium azide.
- Regulatory Status RUO
Regulatory Status Legend
The 2C9.G2 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to the integrin β3 chain (CD61), which associates with the integrin αv chain (CD51) to form the vitronectin receptor, as well as the αIIb chain (CD41) to form the gpIIb/IIIa complex. Both receptors mediate adhesion to fibronectin, fibrinogen, vitronectin, thrombospondin, and von Willebrand factor. Leukocyte-endothelial adhesion is also mediated by the binding of αvβ3 integrin or vitronectin receptor to CD31 (PECAM-1). In addition, interaction of the αvβ3 integrin with its ligands regulates the L-type Ca2+ channel in vascular smooth muscle cells, possibly mediating vasodilatory responses to injury. Soluble and insoluble 2C9.G2 mAb mimics the effect of the natural ligands in smooth muscle cells from rat cremaster arterioles. Furthermore, osteopontin, also named Eta-1, is a cytokine that binds to αvβ3. CD61 is expressed on platelets, activated T lymphocytes, polymorphonuclear granulocytes, and blastocysts. Cross-reactivity of mAb 2C9.G2 to rat mast cells and platelets has been observed by flow cytometric analysis. mAb 2C9.G2 has been demonstrated to block binding of rat and mouse cells to fibronectin.
Alexa Fluor® 647 conjugates are highly photostable and remain fluorescent over a broad pH range. The excitation and emission maxima are nearly identical to those of APC. However, APC tends to be brighter while Alexa Fluor® 647 is more optimal for intracellular applications. This fluorochrome exhibits uncommon photostability, making it an ideal choice for use in fluorescence microscopy. Due to nearly identical excitation and emission properties but different spillover characteristics, APC and Alexa Fluor® 647 cannot be used simultaneously.
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Preparation and Storage
Store undiluted at 4°C and protected from prolonged exposure to light. Do not freeze.
The monoclonal antibody was purified from tissue culture supernatant or ascites by affinity chromatography.
The antibody was conjugated to Alexa Fluor® 647 under optimum conditions, and unreacted Alexa Fluor® 647 was removed.
- Since applications vary, each investigator should titrate the reagent to obtain optimal results.
- An isotype control should be used at the same concentration as the antibody of interest.
- Please refer to www.bdbiosciences.com/pharmingen/protocols for technical protocols.
- The Alexa Fluor®, Pacific Blue™, and Cascade Blue® dye antibody conjugates in this product are sold under license from Molecular Probes, Inc. for research use only, excluding use in combination with microarrays, or as analyte specific reagents. The Alexa Fluor® dyes (except for Alexa Fluor® 430), Pacific Blue™ dye, and Cascade Blue® dye are covered by pending and issued patents.
- Alexa Fluor® is a registered trademark of Molecular Probes, Inc., Eugene, OR.
- Alexa Fluor® 647 fluorochrome emission is collected at the same instrument settings as for allophycocyanin (APC).
- Caution: Sodium azide yields highly toxic hydrazoic acid under acidic conditions. Dilute azide compounds in running water before discarding to avoid accumulation of potentially explosive deposits in plumbing.
- For fluorochrome spectra and suitable instrument settings, please refer to our Multicolor Flow Cytometry web page at www.bdbiosciences.com/colors.
- Although hamster immunoglobulin isotypes have not been well defined, BD Biosciences Pharmingen has grouped Armenian and Syrian hamster IgG monoclonal antibodies according to their reactivity with a panel of mouse anti-hamster IgG mAbs. A table of the hamster IgG groups, Reactivity of Mouse Anti-Hamster Ig mAbs, may be viewed at http://www.bdbiosciences.com/documents/hamster_chart_11x17.pdf.