Alexa Fluor® 647 Mouse anti-E-Cadherin
Clone 36/E-Cadherin (RUO)
- Brand BD Pharmingen™
- Alternative Name CD324; CDH1; CADH1; Cadherin-1; ECAD; CDHE; Arc-1; LCAM; UVO; Uvomorulin
- Vol. Per Test 5 µl
- Isotype Mouse IgG2a, κ
- Reactivity Human (QC Testing) Mouse (Tested in Development) Rat, Dog (Reactivity Confirmed in Development)
Bioimaging (Routinely Tested)
- Immunogen Human E-Cadherin C-terminal Recombinant Protein
- Storage Buffer Aqueous buffered solution containing BSA, protein stabilizer, and ≤0.09% sodium azide.
- Regulatory Status RUO
Regulatory Status Legend
E-Cadherin is a 120-kDa transmembrane glycoprotein that is localized in the adherens junctions of epithelial cells. There it interacts with the cytoskeleton through the associated cytoplasmic catenin proteins. In addition to being a calcium-dependent adhesion molecule, E-Cadherin is also a critical regulator of epithelial junction formation. Its association with catenins is necessary for cell-cell adhesion. These E-cadherin/catenin complexes associate with cortical actin bundles at both the zonula adherens and the lateral adhesion plaques. Tyrosine phosphorylation can disrupt these complexes, leading to changes in cell adhesion properties. E-Cadherin expression is often down-regulated in highly invasive, poorly differentiated carcinomas. Increased expression of E-Cadherin in these cells reduces invasiveness. Thus, loss of expression or function of E-Cadherin appears to be an important step in tumorigenic progression. The 36/E-Cadherin monoclonal antibody recognizes the cytoplasmic domain of E-Cadherin, regardless of phosphorylation status. The peptide immunogen was generated from human E-Cadherin aa. 735-883.
Note: Investigators are advised that this antibody has some degree of cross-reactivity to P-Cadherin.
Alexa Fluor® 647 conjugates are highly photostable and remain fluorescent over a broad pH range. The excitation and emission maxima are nearly identical to those of APC. However, APC tends to be brighter while Alexa Fluor® 647 is more optimal for intracellular applications. This fluorochrome exhibits uncommon photostability, making it an ideal choice for use in fluorescence microscopy. Due to nearly identical excitation and emission properties but different spillover characteristics, APC and Alexa Fluor® 647 cannot be used simultaneously.
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Preparation and Storage
Store undiluted at 4°C and protected from prolonged exposure to light. Do not freeze.
The monoclonal antibody was purified from tissue culture supernatant or ascites by affinity chromatography.
The antibody was conjugated to Alexa Fluor® 647 under optimum conditions, and unreacted Alexa Fluor® 647 was removed.
- Please refer to www.bdbiosciences.com/pharmingen/protocols for technical protocols.
- This reagent has been pre-diluted for use at the recommended Volume per Test when following the Recommended Assay Procedure. A Test is typically ~10,000 cells cultured in a well of a 96-well imaging plate.
- The Alexa Fluor®, Pacific Blue™, and Cascade Blue® dye antibody conjugates in this product are sold under license from Molecular Probes, Inc. for research use only, excluding use in combination with microarrays, or as analyte specific reagents. The Alexa Fluor® dyes (except for Alexa Fluor® 430), Pacific Blue™ dye, and Cascade Blue® dye are covered by pending and issued patents.
- Alexa Fluor® is a registered trademark of Molecular Probes, Inc., Eugene, OR.
- Alexa Fluor® 647 fluorochrome emission is collected at the same instrument settings as for allophycocyanin (APC).
- Caution: Sodium azide yields highly toxic hydrazoic acid under acidic conditions. Dilute azide compounds in running water before discarding to avoid accumulation of potentially explosive deposits in plumbing.
- Source of all serum proteins is from USDA inspected abattoirs located in the United States.
- For fluorochrome spectra and suitable instrument settings, please refer to our Multicolor Flow Cytometry web page at www.bdbiosciences.com/colors.
- Triton is a trademark of the Dow Chemical Company.
- Species testing during development may have been performed with a different format of the same clone. Selected applications have been tested for cross-reactivity.
For tissue sections
1. Harvest target organs or tissues and flush with PBS.
2. Place the tissues in cassettes and fix with 10% neutral buffered formalin (Fisher SF100-4) for 16 hrs.
3. Remove the fixative and proceed with processing and embedding in paraffin using standard protocols.*
4. Cut paraffin embedded tissue sections (5 µm) using a microtome, adhere sections onto colorfrost slides (Fisher 12-550-17), and allow them to air dry.*
5. Deparaffinize and re-hydrate the sections.*
6. Treat with BD Retrievagen A solution (Cat. No.550524) by heating the slides in a pressure cooker at 121°C for 15 minutes at 17 psi.*
7. Allow the slides to cool to room temperature in the Retrievagen A, rinse the slides with tap water, and store in PBS prior to antibody staining.
8. Sections can be simultaneously stained with a cocktail of multiple antibodies at pre-optimized concentration, for 2 hours at room temperature.
9. Wash the sections in 1´ PBS, label cellular DNA with 2 µg/ml Hoechst 33342 (Cat. No. 561908) for 30 minutes, and wash with 1´ PBS.
10. Place cover slips on the sections using Aqua-Mount (Lerner Labs 13800).
11. View and analyze the samples on an appropriate imaging instrument, such as the BD Pathway™ 435 high-content bioimager system.
* for more details please see http://www.bdbiosciences.com/research/cellularimaging/resources/index.jsp
For cultured cells
1. Seed the cells in appropriate culture medium at an appropriate cell density in a 96-well Imaging Plate and culture overnight to 48 hours.
2. Remove the culture medium from the wells, and wash (one to two times) with 100 μl of 1× PBS.
3. Fix the cells by adding 100 µl of fresh 3.7% Formaldehyde in PBS or BD Cytofix™ fixation buffer (Cat. No. 554655) to each well and incubating for 10 minutes at room temperature (RT).
4. Remove the fixative from the wells, and wash the wells (one to two times) with 100 μl of 1× PBS.
5. Permeabilize the cells using either cold methanol (a), Triton™ X-100 (b), or Saponin (c):
a. Add 100 µl of -20°C 90% methanol or -20°C BD Phosflow™ Perm Buffer III (Cat. No. 558050) to each well and incubate for 5 minutes at RT.
b. Add 100 µl of 0.1% Triton X-100 to each well and incubate for 5 minutes at RT.
c. Add 100 µl of 1× Perm/Wash buffer (Cat. No. 554723) to each well and incubate for 15 to 30 minutes at RT. Continue to use 1× Perm/Wash buffer for all subsequent wash and dilutions steps.
6. Remove the permeabilization buffer from the wells, and wash one to two times with 100 μl of appropriate buffer (either 1× PBS or 1× Perm/Wash buffer, see step 5.c.).
7. Optional blocking step: Remove the wash buffers, and block the cells by adding 100 µl of blocking buffer BD Pharmingen™ Stain Buffer (FBS) (Cat. No. 554656) or 3% FBS in appropriate dilution buffer to each well and incubating for 15 to 30 minutes at RT.
8. Dilute the antibody to its optimal working concentration in appropriate dilution buffer. Titrate purified (unconjugated) antibodies and second-step reagents to determine the optimal concentration. If using a Bioimaging Certified antibody conjugate, dilute it 1:10.
9. Add 50 µl of diluted antibody per well and incubate for 60 minutes at RT. Incubate in the dark if using fluorescently labeled antibodies.
10. Remove the antibody, and wash the wells three times with 100 μl of wash buffer. An optional detergent wash (100 μl of 0.05% Tween in 1× PBS) can be included prior to the regular wash steps.
11. If the antibody being used is fluorescently labeled, then move to step 12. Otherwise, if using a purified unlabeled antibody, repeat steps 8 to 10 with a fluorescently labeled second-step reagent to detect the purified antibody.
12. After the final wash, counter-stain the nuclei by adding 100 μl of a 2 μg/ml solution of Hoechst 33342 (Cat. No. 561908) in 1× PBS to each well at least 15 minutes before imaging.
13. View and analyze the cells on an appropriate imaging instrument. Recommended filters for the BD Pathway™ instruments are:
Instrument Excitation Emission Dichroic
BD Pathway 855 620/60 700/75 660 LP
BD Pathway 435 628/40 690/40 FF660