Purified Mouse Anti-Human Granzyme A
Clone CB9 (RUO)
- Brand BD Pharmingen™
- Concentration 0.5 mg/ml
- Isotype Mouse IgG1, κ
- Reactivity Human (QC Testing)
Flow cytometry (Routinely Tested)
- Storage Buffer Aqueous buffered solution containing ≤0.09% sodium azide.
- Regulatory Status RUO
Regulatory Status Legend
The primary mechanism by which cytotoxic T cells eliminate virally infected cells is by granule exocytosis. The release of cytotoxic granule contents by cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) triggers apoptotic target cell death. CTL granules contain a pore-forming protein, perforin, and a group of serine proteases called granzymes. In the classic model, perforins create holes in the target cell membrane, allowing entrance of the granzymes. Granzyme A and B are the predominant granzymes activated after CTL activation, but each act via an independent apoptotic pathway; granzyme B is activated immediately, while granzyme A acts hours later. Granzyme B has been shown to induce apoptosis and to cleave a number of substrates which are similar in specificity to those of the caspase family of proteinases. Granzyme B can cleave substrates, such as DNA-PKcs, and nuclear mitotic apparatus protein (NuMA). Furthermore, Granzyme B can also cleave substrates such as Bid and DFF45 in a caspase-independent fashion. Studies involving mice which are deficient in both granzyme A and B suggest a model whereby the granzyme B pathway may have evolved as the major apoptotic pathway with the granzyme A pathway acting as a backup. However, further research is needed to delineate the components of these distinct pathways. Clone CB9 recognizes human granzyme A. Purified human granzyme A was used as the immunogen.
This antibody is routinely tested by flow cytometric analysis. Other applications were tested at BD Biosciences Pharmingen during antibody development only or reported in the literature.
- Format Purified
Suggested Companion Products
Preparation and Storage
The monoclonal antibody was purified from tissue culture supernatant or ascites by affinity chromatography.
Store undiluted at 4°C.
- Since applications vary, each investigator should titrate the reagent to obtain optimal results.
- Please refer to www.bdbiosciences.com/pharmingen/protocols for technical protocols.
- Caution: Sodium azide yields highly toxic hydrazoic acid under acidic conditions. Dilute azide compounds in running water before discarding to avoid accumulation of potentially explosive deposits in plumbing.