BB515 Mouse Anti-Human CD195
Clone 3A9 (RUO)
- Brand BD Horizon™
- Alternative Name CCR-5; Chemokine (C-C motif) receptor 5; CMKBR5; CKR5; CKR-5; CHEMR13
- Vol. Per Test 5 µl
- Isotype Mouse C57BL/6 IgG2a, κ
- Reactivity Human (QC Testing) Rhesus, Cynomolgus (Tested in Development)
Flow cytometry (Routinely Tested)
- Immunogen Human CCR5 Transfected Cell Line
- Workshop No. VII 70309
- Storage Buffer Aqueous buffered solution containing ≤0.09% sodium azide.
- Regulatory Status RUO
Regulatory Status Legend
The 3A9 monoclonal antibody recognizes CD195, which is also known as the chemokine receptor, CCR5, a seven transmembrane-spanning G protein-associated molecule. The 3A9 antibody also reportedly cross-reacts with human CCR8. Results of epitope mapping and sequence comparison between CCR5 and CCR8 reveals that the first three amino acid residues for these two receptors are identical: MDY (Met-Asp-Tyr). CCR5 belongs to the β-chemokine receptor family. It is expressed on subsets of T lymphocytes, NK cells, monocytes, macrophages, and dendritic cells. CCR5 regulates lymphocyte chemotaxis activation and transendothelial migration during inflammation. It signals a response to at least three chemokines: RANTES and macrophage inflammatory protein-1 (MIP-1) α and β. Additionally, CCR5 has been found to be a co-receptor for macrophage-tropic HIV-1 on CD4+ cells, a characteristic that is important in viral transmission. Reports indicate that individuals who have partial (heterozygous) or complete (homozygous) deletion of the CCR5 allele, demonstrate resistance to HIV infection. CCR5 has been clustered as CD195 in the VIIth HLDA workshop.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon BB515 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Blue family of dyes. With an Ex Max near 490 nm and an Em Max near 515 nm, BD Horizon BB515 can be excited by the blue laser (488 nm) laser and detected with a 530/30 nm filter. This dye has been exclusively developed by BD Biosciences and is up to seven times brighter than FITC with less spillover into the PE channel. Due to similar excitation and emission properties, BB515, FITC, and Alexa Fluor® 488 cannot be used simultaneously. It is not recommended to use BB515 in cocktails that include Streptavidin conjugates as it may cause high background.
BB515 is a dye that was exclusively developed by BD Biosciences as a brighter alternative to FITC. This dye is up to seven times brighter than FITC and has less spillover into the PE channel. Due to similar excitation and emission properties, BB515, FITC, and Alexa Fluor® 488 cannot be used simultaneously.
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Preparation and Storage
Store undiluted at 4°C and protected from prolonged exposure to light. Do not freeze.
The monoclonal antibody was purified from tissue culture supernatant or ascites by affinity chromatography.
The antibody was conjugated with BD Horizon™ BB515 under optimum conditions and unconjugated antibody was removed.
- This reagent has been pre-diluted for use at the recommended Volume per Test. We typically use 1 × 10^6 cells in a 100-µl experimental sample (a test).
- An isotype control should be used at the same concentration as the antibody of interest.
- Caution: Sodium azide yields highly toxic hydrazoic acid under acidic conditions. Dilute azide compounds in running water before discarding to avoid accumulation of potentially explosive deposits in plumbing.
- For fluorochrome spectra and suitable instrument settings, please refer to our Multicolor Flow Cytometry web page at www.bdbiosciences.com/colors.
- BD Horizon Brilliant Stain Buffer is covered by one or more of the following US patents: 8,110,673; 8,158,444; 8,575,303; 8,354,239.
- Species testing during development may have been performed with a different format of the same clone. Selected applications have been tested for cross-reactivity.
- Ficoll-Paque is a trademark of Amersham Biosciences Limited.
- Please refer to www.bdbiosciences.com/pharmingen/protocols for technical protocols.
Immunophenotyping studies of chemokine receptors need to be performed on freshly collected whole blood (<24 Hrs). Incubation with the
antibody should be done at room temperature in the dark. Cellular manipulation, such as Ficoll™ separation, freezing, or exposure to cold
temperatures prior to staining have been shown to cause a decrease in staining intensity and inconsistent results.
BD™ CompBeads can be used as surrogates to assess fluorescence spillover (Compensation). When fluorochrome conjugated antibodies are bound to CompBeads, they have spectral properties very similar to cells. However, for some fluorochromes there can be small differences in spectral emissions compared to cells, resulting in spillover values that differ when compared to biological controls. It is strongly recommended that when using a reagent for the first time, users compare the spillover on cells and CompBead to ensure that BD Comp beads are appropriate for your specific cellular application.
For optimal results, it is recommended to perform 2 washes after staining with antibodies. Cells may be prepared, stained with antibodies and washed twice with wash buffer per established protocols for immunofluorescence staining, prior to acquisition on a flow cytometer. Performing fewer than the recommended wash steps may lead to increased spread of the negative population.
For optimal and reproducible results, BD Horizon Brilliant Stain Buffer should be used anytime two or more BD Horizon Brilliant dyes are used in the same experiment. Fluorescent dye interactions may cause staining artifacts which may affect data interpretation. The BD Horizon Brilliant Stain Buffer was designed to minimize these interactions. More information can be found in the Technical Data Sheet of the BD Horizon Brilliant Stain Buffer (Cat. No. 563794/566349) or the BD Horizon Brilliant Stain Buffer Plus (Cat. No. 566385).