Alexa Fluor® 647 Mouse anti-Lck (pY505)
Clone 4/LCK-Y505 (RUO)
- Brand BD Phosflow™
- Vol. Per Test 20 µl
- Isotype Mouse IgG1
- Reactivity Human (QC Testing) Mouse, Rat (Predicted)
Intracellular staining (flow cytometry) (Routinely Tested)
- Immunogen Phosphorylated Human Lck Peptide
- Storage Buffer Aqueous buffered solution containing BSA and ≤0.09% sodium azide.
- Regulatory Status RUO
Regulatory Status Legend
Lck is a member of the Src family of cytoplasmic protein-tyrosine kinases (PTKs) that is normally expressed exclusively in lymphoid cells, primarily T lymphocytes and NK cells. Members of this family have several common features: 1) unique N-terminal domains, 2) attachment to cellular membranes through a myristylated N-terminus, and 3) homologous SH2, SH3, and catalytic domains. The unique N-terminal domain of Lck interacts with the cytoplasmic tails of the CD4 and CD8 cell-surface glycoproteins of T lymphocytes, which recognize antigen presenting cells via their surface MHC class II and class I molecules, respectively. The catalytic activity of Lck is regulated by both kinases and phosphatases that control the phosphorylation states of two tyrosine residues that have opposing effects. Repression of Lck's catalytic activity occurs via phosphorylation at tyrosine 505 (Y505), located near the carboxy terminus. Phosphorylation of this tyrosine site is mediated by the Csk family of PTKs, and its dephosphorylation is mediated by the protein tyrosine phosphatase, CD45. When Lck is phosphorylated at this site, it assumes a folded tertiary structure which is enzymatically inactive. When CD45 dephosphorylates it at Y505, Lck is able to autophosphorylate its Y394, which leads to conformational changes in the catalytic domain that induce kinase activity. However, it has been observed that the inhibitory effect of the phosphorylated Y505 can be overcome by direct engagement of Lck's SH3 domain and that both Y394 and Y505 are phosphorylated together in cells activated by hydrogen peroxide. Activated Lck phosphorylates the ITAMs (Immunoreceptor-based Tyrosine Activation Motifs) of the T cell receptor (TCR) and thus is critical for activation and development of T lymphocytes. The interactions of Lck, Csk, CD45, CD4 or CD8, and TCR are only a small part of a complex immunoregulatory cascade that involves additional substrates for Csk and CD45, other enzymes, adhesion molecules, adaptor proteins, and specialized membrane microdomains.
The 4/LCK-Y505 monoclonal antibody recognizes the phosphorylated Y505 of the catalytic domain of Lck. The Alexa Fluor® 488- conjugated format has been evaluated by flow using a human model system. However, the unconjugated form of this antibody (Cat. No. 612390) has been shown to react with human, mouse, and rat in western blot. A phosphorylated peptide corresponding to residues around Tyrosine-505 from human Lck was used as the immunogen.
Alexa Fluor® 647 conjugates are highly photostable and remain fluorescent over a broad pH range. The excitation and emission maxima are nearly identical to those of APC. However, APC tends to be brighter while Alexa Fluor® 647 is more optimal for intracellular applications. This fluorochrome exhibits uncommon photostability, making it an ideal choice for use in fluorescence microscopy. Due to nearly identical excitation and emission properties but different spillover characteristics, APC and Alexa Fluor® 647 cannot be used simultaneously.
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Preparation and Storage
Store undiluted at 4°C and protected from prolonged exposure to light. Do not freeze.
The monoclonal antibody was purified from tissue culture supernatant or ascites by affinity chromatography.
The antibody was conjugated to Alexa Fluor® 647 under optimum conditions, and unreacted Alexa Fluor® 647 was removed.
- This reagent has been pre-diluted for use at the recommended Volume per Test. We typically use 1 × 10^6 cells in a 100-µl experimental sample (a test).
- Alexa Fluor® 647 fluorochrome emission is collected at the same instrument settings as for allophycocyanin (APC).
- Alexa Fluor® is a registered trademark of Molecular Probes, Inc., Eugene, OR.
- The Alexa Fluor®, Pacific Blue™, and Cascade Blue® dye antibody conjugates in this product are sold under license from Molecular Probes, Inc. for research use only, excluding use in combination with microarrays, or as analyte specific reagents. The Alexa Fluor® dyes (except for Alexa Fluor® 430), Pacific Blue™ dye, and Cascade Blue® dye are covered by pending and issued patents.
- Source of all serum proteins is from USDA inspected abattoirs located in the United States.
- Caution: Sodium azide yields highly toxic hydrazoic acid under acidic conditions. Dilute azide compounds in running water before discarding to avoid accumulation of potentially explosive deposits in plumbing.
- For fluorochrome spectra and suitable instrument settings, please refer to our Multicolor Flow Cytometry web page at www.bdbiosciences.com/colors.
- Please refer to www.bdbiosciences.com/pharmingen/protocols for technical protocols.
This antibody conjugate is suitable for intracellular staining of human whole blood (using BD Phosflow™ Lyse/Fix Buffer) and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (using BD Cytofix™ Fixation Buffer or BD Phosflow™ Fix Buffer I). Any of the three BD Phosflow™ permeabilization buffers may be used.