The B4-78 monoclonal antibody reacts with the tissue-nonspecific isozyme of alkaline phosphatase. Alkaline phosphatases are membrane-bound glycoproteins. Four isozymes of alkaline phosphatase exist in humans: placental, placental-like, intestinal, and liver/bone/kidney. Liver/bone/kidney alkaline phosphatase is also known as tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase (TNAP). Human embryonic stem cells and embryonic carcinoma cells express high levels of tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase that decrease upon differentiation. Genetic and biochemical studies suggest that TNAP plays a role in skeletal mineralization.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon Red 718, which has been developed exclusively for BD Biosciences as a better alternative to Alexa Fluor® 700. BD Horizon Red 718 can be excited by the red laser (628 – 640 nm) and, with an Em Max around 718 nm, it can be detected using a 730/45 nm filter. Due to similar excitation and emission properties, we do not recommend using R718 in combination with APC-R700 or Alexa Fluor® 700.