The U23-56 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to Macrophage scavenger receptor 1 (MSR1) which is also known as CD204, Scavenger receptor A (SRA), Scavenger receptor class A member 1 (SCARA1), or Macrophage acetylated LDL receptor I and II. MSR1 is a trimeric type II transmembrane glycoprotein that belongs to the type 1 class A scavenger receptor family. MSR1 functions as a scavenger receptor that enables mononuclear phagocytes to take up and respond to a variety of negatively charged macromolecules including oxidized and acetylated low density lipoproteins. MSR1 also functions in innate immunity as a pattern recognition receptor. MSR1 allows macrophages to recognize and respond to microbial products, such as lipopolysaccharide and polyribonucleic acids, by the production of cytokines and inflammatory mediators. MSR1 also reportedly serves as a coreceptor that regulates the signaling of some Toll-like receptors including TLR-3, TLR-4, and TLR-9. MSR1 has been associated with several diseases including atherosclerosis, Alzheimer's disease, ischemic injury, and sepsis. The U23-56 antibody was tested by flow cytometric and Western blot analyses of MSR1-transfected and untransfected cells to verify its specificity.
This antibody is conjugated to BD Horizon™ BV605 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Violet family of dyes. With an Ex Max of 407-nm and Em Max of 602-nm, BD Horizon BV605 can be excited by a violet laser and detected with a standard 610/20-nm filter set. BD Horizon BV605 is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon BV421 and an acceptor dye with an Em max at 605-nm. Due to the excitation of the acceptor dye by the green (532 nm) and yellow-green (561 nm) lasers, there will be significant spillover into the PE and BD Horizon PE-CF594 detectors off the green or yellow-green lasers. BD Horizon BV605 conjugates are very bright, often exhibiting brightness equivalent to PE conjugates and can be used as a third color off of the violet laser.