The D12 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to CD11b which is also known as Integrin alpha M (Integrin αM), Mac-1 subunit alpha (Mac-1a) or complement receptor 3 alpha chain (CR3a). CD11b is encoded by ITGAM (integrin subunit alpha M) and belongs to the integrin alpha subunit gene family. CD11b is expressed as a ~165-kDa type I transmembrane glycoprotein that associates with the ~95-kDa integrin β2 (CD18) to form the heterodimeric CD11b/CD18 (αM/β2) complex which also known as Mac-1 or CR3. CD11b is expressed on monocytes, dendritic cells, granulocytes, as well as on some T cells, B cells, and NK cells. CD11b functions in cell-cell and cell-substrate interactions and is a receptor for multiple ligands including inactivated C3b (iC3b), ICAM-1 (CD54), ICAM-2 (CD102), ICAM-3 (CD50) or fibrinogen. Mac-1 regulates leucocyte adhesion and migration, as well as phagocytosis of opsonized particles.
CAUTION Binding of this CD11b antibody depends on the presence of Ca++. EDTA or ACD, as anticoagulant might affect binding. Using heparin as an anticoagulant or removal of the anticoagulant is recommended.
This antibody is conjugated to BD Horizon™ BV605 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Violet family of dyes. With an Ex Max of 407-nm and Em Max of 602-nm, BD Horizon BV605 can be excited by a violet laser and detected with a standard 610/20-nm filter set. BD Horizon BV605 is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon BV421 and an acceptor dye with an Em max at 605-nm. Due to the excitation of the acceptor dye by the green (532 nm) and yellow-green (561 nm) lasers, there will be significant spillover into the PE and BD Horizon PE-CF594 detectors off the green or yellow-green lasers. BD Horizon BV605 conjugates are very bright, often exhibiting brightness equivalent to PE conjugates and can be used as a third color off of the violet laser.