The MHD4-46 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to Delta-Like Protein 4 which is also known as Delta4, DLL4, and DL4. Delta-Like Protein 4 is a type 1 transmembrane glycoprotein which belongs to the Delta/Serrate/Jagged Family of Notch receptor ligands. The Notch family of transmembrane receptors and their ligands play key roles in various developmental and postnatal processes by controlling cell-fate decisions. Delta-Like Protein 4 is expressed by vascular endothelial cells within certain normal tissues and tumors. It signals through Notch1 and Notch 4 Receptors and plays a critical role in vascular development and homeostasis. Delta-Like Protein 4 expression is upregulated in response to vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and regulates endothelial cell proliferation during vascular sprouting. Delta-Like Protein 4 is also expressed by activated human monocytes and dendritic cells that have been stimulated with proinflammatory activators such as lipopolysaccharide. Recent evidence suggests that Delta-Like Protein 4 may contribute to the T cell potential of CD34+ cells and to the growth of various tumors, and promote tumor cell infiltration.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BUV496 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon BUV395 with an Ex Max of 348-nm and an acceptor dye with an Em Max at 496-nm. BD Horizon BUV496 can be excited by the ultraviolet laser (355 nm) and detected with a 515/30 nm filter with a 450LP. Due to the excitation of the acceptor dye by other laser lines, there may be significant spillover into the channel detecting BD Horizon V500 or BV510 (eg, 525/40-nm filter). However, the spillover can be corrected through compensation as with any other dye combination.