The U23-56 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to Macrophage scavenger receptor 1 (MSR1) which is also known as CD204, Scavenger receptor A (SRA), Scavenger receptor class A member 1 (SCARA1), or Macrophage acetylated LDL receptor I and II. MSR1 is a trimeric type II transmembrane glycoprotein that belongs to the type 1 class A scavenger receptor family. MSR1 functions as a scavenger receptor that enables mononuclear phagocytes to take up and respond to a variety of negatively charged macromolecules including oxidized and acetylated low density lipoproteins. MSR1 also functions in innate immunity as a pattern recognition receptor. MSR1 allows macrophages to recognize and respond to microbial products, such as lipopolysaccharide and polyribonucleic acids, by the production of cytokines and inflammatory mediators. MSR1 also reportedly serves as a coreceptor that regulates the signaling of some Toll-like receptors including TLR-3, TLR-4, and TLR-9. MSR1 has been associated with several diseases including atherosclerosis, Alzheimer's disease, ischemic injury, and sepsis. The U23-56 antibody was tested by flow cytometric and Western blot analyses of MSR1-transfected and untransfected cells to verify its specificity.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BUV395 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. This dye has been exclusively developed by BD Biosciences to have minimal spillover into other detectors, making it an optimal choice for multicolor flow cytometry. With an Ex Max at 348 nm and an Em Max at 395 nm, BD Horizon BUV395 can be excited with a 355 nm laser and detected with a 379/28 filter.