The 1A4 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to CD141. CD141 is a 75 kDa, single chain, type I membrane glycoprotein referred to as thrombomodulin and fetomodulin. CD141 is expressed on endothelial cells, smooth muscle cells, epithelial cells, synovial lining cells, and keratinocytes. It is also found on megakaryocytes, dendritic cells, peripheral blood monocytes, and neutrophils, but not on lymphocytes. Reports indicate that CD141 plays an important role in Protein C activation and the initiation of the Protein C anticoagulant pathway. Thrombin loses its procoagulant function when it binds to CD141, and the CD141/thrombin complex is able to activate Protein C.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon BB700, which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Blue family of dyes. It is a polymer-based tandem dye developed exclusively by BD Biosciences. With an excitation max of 485 nm and an emission max of 693 nm, BD Horizon BB700 can be excited by the 488 nm laser and detected in a standard PerCP-Cy™5.5 set (eg, 695/40-nm filter). This dye provides a much brighter alternative to PerCP-Cy5.5 with less cross laser excitation off the 405 nm and 355 nm lasers.