The 3E2 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to CD54 (ICAM-1), a 95-kDa member of the Ig superfamily found on lymphocytes, vascular endothelium, high endothelial venules, epithelial cells, macrophages, and dendritic cells. ICAM-1 is a ligand for LFA1 (CD11a/CD18) and Mac-1 (CD11b/CD18). Its expression is upregulated upon stimulation by inflammatory mediators such as cytokines and LPS. Studies with mouse Icam1-transfected antigen-presenting cells, with CD54-blocking antibodies, and in CD54-deficient mice indicate that CD54 participates in inflammatory reactions and antigen-specific immune responses. In addition, there is evidence that CD54 is a receptor involved in MHC-non-restricted responses to weakly immunogenic tumor cells. The 3E2 antibody has been reported to block in vitro and in vivo intracellular adhesion events involved in immune responses.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BB700, which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Blue family of dyes. It is a polymer-based tandem dye developed exclusively by BD Biosciences. With an excitation max of 485 nm and an emission max of 693 nm, BD Horizon BB700 can be excited by the 488 nm laser and detected in a standard PerCP-Cy™5.5 set (eg, 695/40-nm filter). This dye provides a much brighter alternative to PerCP-Cy5.5 with less cross laser excitation off the 405 nm and 355 nm lasers.