BV421 Hamster Anti-Mouse CD61
Clone 2C9.G2 (also known as HMβ3-1) (RUO)
- Brand BD Horizon™
- Alternative Name Itgb3; Integrin beta-3; INGRB3; Platelet glycoprotein IIIa; GP3A; GPIIIa
- Concentration 0.2 mg/ml
- Isotype Armenian Hamster IgG1, κ
- Reactivity Mouse (QC Testing) Rat (Tested in Development)
Flow cytometry (Routinely Tested)
- Immunogen Mouse T-cell Hybridoma 2B4 Vitronectin Receptor
- Entrez Gene ID 16416
- Storage Buffer Aqueous buffered solution containing BSA and ≤0.09% sodium azide.
- Regulatory Status RUO
Regulatory Status Legend
The 2C9.G2 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to the integrin β3 chain (CD61), which associates with the integrin αv chain (CD51) to form the vitronectin receptor, as well as the αIIb chain (CD41) to form the gpIIb/IIIa complex. Both receptors mediate adhesion to fibronectin, fibrinogen, vitronectin, thrombospondin, and von Willebrand factor. Leukocyte-endothelial adhesion is also mediated by the binding of αvβ3 integrin or vitronectin receptor to CD31 (PECAM-1). In addition, interaction of the αvβ3 integrin with its ligands regulates the L-type Ca2+ channel in vascular smooth muscle cells, possibly mediating vasodilatory responses to injury. Soluble and insoluble 2C9.G2 mAb mimics the effect of the natural ligands in smooth muscle cells from rat cremaster arterioles. Furthermore, osteopontin, also named Eta-1, is a cytokine that binds to αvβ3. CD61 is expressed on platelets, activated T lymphocytes, polymorphonuclear granulocytes, and blastocysts. Cross-reactivity of mAb 2C9.G2 to rat mast cells and platelets has been observed by flow cytometric analysis. mAb 2C9.G2 has been demonstrated to block binding of rat and mouse cells to fibronectin.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BV421 which is part of the BD Horizon™ Brilliant Violet™ family of dyes. With an Ex Max of 407-nm and Em Max at 421-nm, BD Horizon™ BV421 can be excited by the violet laser and detected in the standard Pacific Blue™ filter set (eg, 450/50-nm filter). BD Horizon™ BV421 conjugates are very bright, often exhibiting a 10 fold improvement in brightness compared to Pacific Blue™ conjugates.
BV421 is a polymer-based dye excited by the violet laser and is one of the brightest fluorochromes offered by BD Biosciences. Conjugates are typically 10 times brighter than Pacific Blue™ conjugates and are often as bright as or brighter than PE conjugates. Due to nearly identical excitation and emission properties but different spillover characteristics, BD Horizon BV421, Pacific Blue™, and BD Horizon™ V450 cannot be used simultaneously.
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Preparation and Storage
Store undiluted at 4°C and protected from prolonged exposure to light. Do not freeze.
The monoclonal antibody was purified from tissue culture supernatant or ascites by affinity chromatography.
The antibody was conjugated with BD Horizon BV421 under optimum conditions, and unconjugated antibody and free BD Horizon BV421 were removed.
- Since applications vary, each investigator should titrate the reagent to obtain optimal results.
- Source of all serum proteins is from USDA inspected abattoirs located in the United States.
- An isotype control should be used at the same concentration as the antibody of interest.
- Please refer to www.bdbiosciences.com/pharmingen/protocols for technical protocols.
- Caution: Sodium azide yields highly toxic hydrazoic acid under acidic conditions. Dilute azide compounds in running water before discarding to avoid accumulation of potentially explosive deposits in plumbing.
- For fluorochrome spectra and suitable instrument settings, please refer to our Multicolor Flow Cytometry web page at www.bdbiosciences.com/colors.
- Pacific Blue™ is a trademark of Molecular Probes, Inc., Eugene, OR.
- Brilliant Violet™ 421 is a trademark of Sirigen.
- Although hamster immunoglobulin isotypes have not been well defined, BD Biosciences Pharmingen has grouped Armenian and Syrian hamster IgG monoclonal antibodies according to their reactivity with a panel of mouse anti-hamster IgG mAbs. A table of the hamster IgG groups, Reactivity of Mouse Anti-Hamster Ig mAbs, may be viewed at http://www.bdbiosciences.com/documents/hamster_chart_11x17.pdf.