BV421 Armenian Hamster Anti-ICOS (CD278)
Clone C398.4A (RUO)
- Brand BD Horizon™
- Alternative Name ICOS; AILIM; H4; Inducible T-cell costimulator; CVID1; Ly115
- Concentration 0.2 mg/ml
- Isotype Armenian Hamster IgG
- Reactivity Human (QC Testing) Mouse (Tested in Development) Rat, Rhesus (Reported)
Flow cytometry (Routinely Tested)
- Immunogen Mouse D10.G4.1 T-cell clone
- Storage Buffer Aqueous buffered solution containing BSA and ≤0.09% sodium azide.
- Regulatory Status RUO
Regulatory Status Legend
The C398.4A monoclonal antibody specifically binds to Inducible Costimulator (ICOS), which is also known as, CD278, Activation-inducible lymphocyte immunomediatory molecule (AILIM), or H4. ICOS is a type I transmembrane glycoprotein that forms a disulfide-linked homodimer and belongs to the CD28 family within the Ig superfamily. ICOS is expressed on either CD4+ or CD8+ single-positive mature thymocytes, T cells, or subsets of Innate Lymphoid Cells (ILC). Its expression is upregulated on activated T lymphocytes. ICOS is a costimulatory receptor that can bind to the B7-H2 ligand (CD275, ICOS-L) that is expressed on B cells, monocytes, macrophages, dendritic cells, and endothelial cells. ICOS plays a critical role in many types of T cell-dependent immunity. In the case of humoral immunity, for example, ICOS signaling is critical for the differentiation of T follicular helper (Tfh) cells and development of germinal centers. Although C398.4A was generated against mouse ICOS, this antibody reportedly crossreacts with human, rhesus, and rat ICOS.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon BV421 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Violet family of dyes. With an Ex Max of 407-nm and Em Max at 421-nm, BD Horizon BV421 can be excited by the violet laser and detected in the standard Pacific Blue™ filter set (eg, 450/50-nm filter). BD Horizon BV421 conjugates are very bright, often exhibiting a 10 fold improvement in brightness compared to Pacific Blue conjugates.
BV421 is a polymer-based dye excited by the violet laser and is one of the brightest fluorochromes offered by BD Biosciences. Conjugates are typically 10 times brighter than Pacific Blue™ conjugates and are often as bright as or brighter than PE conjugates. Due to nearly identical excitation and emission properties but different spillover characteristics, BD Horizon BV421, Pacific Blue™, and BD Horizon™ V450 cannot be used simultaneously.
Suggested Companion Products
Preparation and Storage
Store undiluted at 4°C and protected from prolonged exposure to light. Do not freeze.
The monoclonal antibody was purified from tissue culture supernatant or ascites by affinity chromatography.
The antibody was conjugated with BD Horizon BV421 under optimum conditions, and unconjugated antibody and free BD Horizon BV421 were removed.
- Since applications vary, each investigator should titrate the reagent to obtain optimal results.
- An isotype control should be used at the same concentration as the antibody of interest.
- Pacific Blue™ is a trademark of Molecular Probes, Inc., Eugene, OR.
- Source of all serum proteins is from USDA inspected abattoirs located in the United States.
- Caution: Sodium azide yields highly toxic hydrazoic acid under acidic conditions. Dilute azide compounds in running water before discarding to avoid accumulation of potentially explosive deposits in plumbing.
- For fluorochrome spectra and suitable instrument settings, please refer to our Multicolor Flow Cytometry web page at www.bdbiosciences.com/colors.
- Please refer to www.bdbiosciences.com/pharmingen/protocols for technical protocols.
For optimal and reproducible results, BD Horizon Brilliant Stain Buffer should be used anytime two or more BD Horizon Brilliant dyes are used in the same experiment. Fluorescent dye interactions may cause staining artifacts which may affect data interpretation. The BD Horizon Brilliant Stain Buffer was designed to minimize these interactions. More information can be found in the Technical Data Sheet of the BD Horizon Brilliant Stain Buffer (Cat. No. 563794).