Alexa Fluor® 647 Mouse Anti-Human CD222
Clone MEM-238 (RUO)
- Brand BD Pharmingen™
- Alternative Name IGF2R; IGF-IIR; IGF-II Receptor; CIMPR; M6PR; MPR1; MPRI; M6P-R
- Concentration 0.2 mg/ml
- Isotype Mouse IgG1
- Reactivity Human (QC Testing)
Flow cytometry (Routinely Tested)
Intracellular staining (flow cytometry) (Tested During Development)
- Immunogen Human Recombinant Vaccinia virus encoding CD222
- Workshop No. VII 70640
- Storage Buffer Aqueous buffered solution containing ≤0.09% sodium azide.
- Regulatory Status RUO
Regulatory Status Legend
The MEM-238 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to CD222, which is also known as the Insulin-like growth factor 2 Receptor (IGF2R, IGF-II Receptor), Cation-independent mannose 6-phosphate receptor (CIMPR), or Mannose-6 phosphate receptor (M6PR). CD222 is ubiquitously expressed by a variety of cell types as a cell surface type I transmembrane glycoprotein. However, in the course of receptor trafficking between the cell surface and intracellular compartments, the majority of CD222 is found within cells. Cell surface CD222 functions as a multifunctional receptor that binds to a large number of extracellular ligands including acid hydrolases, insulin-like growth factors, latent TGF-β, leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF), proliferin, prorenin, plasminogen, and Herpes simplex virus. It regulates extracellular Insulin-like growth factor II (IGF-II/IGF-2) levels by binding and internalizing the growth factor for lysosomal degradation. This effectively removes IGF-II from the circulation and tissues and thus prevents it from signaling through the growth-stimulatory Insulin-like growth factor I Receptor (IGF-1R, CD221) pathway. However, studies have reported that IGF-II may activate some cellular functions through CD222 as well. A soluble form of the CD222 extracellular region can also be detected in human serum and may play a role in regulating IGF-II activity. CD222 serves as a surface receptor for latent TGFβ and can complex with plasminogen and CD87, a urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor, to activate latent TGF-β. CD222 also binds to a variety of Mannose 6-phosphate (M6P)-containing proteins, including extracellular and newly-synthesized lysosomal enzymes, and transports them to lysosomes.
Alexa Fluor® 647 conjugates are highly photostable and remain fluorescent over a broad pH range. The excitation and emission maxima are nearly identical to those of APC. However, APC tends to be brighter while Alexa Fluor® 647 is more optimal for intracellular applications. This fluorochrome exhibits uncommon photostability, making it an ideal choice for use in fluorescence microscopy. Due to nearly identical excitation and emission properties but different spillover characteristics, APC and Alexa Fluor® 647 cannot be used simultaneously.
Suggested Companion Products
Alexa Fluor® 488 Mouse Anti-Human CD3 UCHT1 (also known as UCHT-1; UCHT 1) RUO
100 Tests Cat No: 557694
Preparation and Storage
Store undiluted at 4°C and protected from prolonged exposure to light. Do not freeze.
The monoclonal antibody was purified from tissue culture supernatant or ascites by affinity chromatography.
The antibody was conjugated to Alexa Fluor® 647 under optimum conditions, and unreacted Alexa Fluor® 647 was removed.
- Since applications vary, each investigator should titrate the reagent to obtain optimal results.
- Please refer to www.bdbiosciences.com/pharmingen/protocols for technical protocols.
- The Alexa Fluor®, Pacific Blue™, and Cascade Blue® dye antibody conjugates in this product are sold under license from Molecular Probes, Inc. for research use only, excluding use in combination with microarrays, or as analyte specific reagents. The Alexa Fluor® dyes (except for Alexa Fluor® 430), Pacific Blue™ dye, and Cascade Blue® dye are covered by pending and issued patents.
- Alexa Fluor® is a registered trademark of Molecular Probes, Inc., Eugene, OR.
- Alexa Fluor® 647 fluorochrome emission is collected at the same instrument settings as for allophycocyanin (APC).
- Caution: Sodium azide yields highly toxic hydrazoic acid under acidic conditions. Dilute azide compounds in running water before discarding to avoid accumulation of potentially explosive deposits in plumbing.
- For fluorochrome spectra and suitable instrument settings, please refer to our Multicolor Flow Cytometry web page at www.bdbiosciences.com/colors.
- An isotype control should be used at the same concentration as the antibody of interest.