FITC Mouse Anti-Human IFN-γ
Clone 4S.B3 (RUO)
- Brand BD Pharmingen™
- Alternative Name IFNG; Interferon-gamma; IFG; IFI; Type II interferon
- Concentration 0.5 mg/ml
- Isotype Mouse BALB/c IgG1, κ
- Reactivity Human (QC Testing) Rhesus, Cynomolgus, Baboon (Tested in Development)
Intracellular staining (flow cytometry) (Routinely Tested)
- Immunogen Human IFN-γ from supernatants of S. aureus-stimulated PBMC
- Storage Buffer Aqueous buffered solution containing ≤0.09% sodium azide.
- Regulatory Status RUO
Regulatory Status Legend
The 4S.B3 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to interferon-γ (IFN-γ). The immunogen used to generate this hybridoma was partially purified human IFN-γ obtained from supernatants of human PBMC stimulated with Staphylococcus aureus. Interferon-γ (IFN-γ) is a potent multifunctional cytokine that is produced by several activated cell types including NK, NKT, CD4+TCRαβ+, CD8+TCRαβ+, and TCRγδ+ T cells. IFN-γ exerts its biological effects through specific binding to the high-affinity IFN-γ Receptor Complex comprised of IFN-γRα (CD119) and IFN-γRβ subunits. In addition to its antiviral effects, IFN-γ upregulates a number of lymphoid cell functions including the antimicrobial and antitumor responses of macrophages, NK cells, and neutrophils. In addition, IFN-γ can exert strong regulatory influences on the proliferation, differentiation, and effector responses of B cell and T cell subsets. These influences can involve IFN-γ's capacity to boost MHC class I and II expression by antigen-presenting cells as well as to direct effects on B cells and T cells themselves. Human IFN-γ is a 14-18 kDa glycoprotein containing 143 amino acid residues.
Clone 4S.B3 also cross-reacts with a cytoplasmic component of peripheral blood CD3+ lymphocytes of baboon, and both rhesus and cynomolgus macaque monkeys following five-hour treatment with phorbol myristic acetate (PMA) and Ca++ ionophore (A23187) in the presence of monensin. The staining pattern of 4S.B3 in CD3+ cells is similar to that observed with peripheral blood T lymphocytes from normal human donors. This reagent is useful for intracellular immunofluorescent staining for flow cytometric analysis to identify and enumerate IFN-γ + cells within a mixed cell population.
FITC, fluorescein isothiocyanate, is a fluorochrome with a molecular weight of 389 Da. FITC is sensitive to pH changes and photobleaching. Due to nearly identical excitation and emission properties but different spillover characteristics, FITC and Alexa Fluor® 488 cannot be used simultaneously. FITC is relatively dim and should be reserved for highly expressed markers whenever possible.
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Preparation and Storage
Store undiluted at 4°C and protected from prolonged exposure to light. Do not freeze.
The monoclonal antibody was purified from tissue culture supernatant or ascites by affinity chromatography.
The antibody was conjugated with FITC under optimum conditions, and unreacted FITC was removed.
- Since applications vary, each investigator should titrate the reagent to obtain optimal results.
- An isotype control should be used at the same concentration as the antibody of interest.
- Caution: Sodium azide yields highly toxic hydrazoic acid under acidic conditions. Dilute azide compounds in running water before discarding to avoid accumulation of potentially explosive deposits in plumbing.
- Species testing during development may have been performed with a different format of the same clone. Selected applications have been tested for cross-reactivity.
- For fluorochrome spectra and suitable instrument settings, please refer to our Multicolor Flow Cytometry web page at www.bdbiosciences.com/colors.
- Please refer to www.bdbiosciences.com/pharmingen/protocols for technical protocols.
Immunofluorescent Staining for Flow Cytometric Analysis: The FITC Mouse Anti-Human IFN-γ antibody is useful for immunofluorescent staining and flow cytometric analysis to identify and enumerate IFN-γ producing cells within mixed cell populations. For optimal immunofluorescent staining for flow cytometric analysis, the anti-cytokine antibody should be titrated (≤ 0.5 µg mAb/million cells). For specific methodology, please visit our web site, http://www.bdbiosciences.com/us/s/resources, and go to the protocols section under "Intracellular Staining".
A useful control for demonstrating specificity of staining is pre-block the fixed/permeabilized cells with Purified Mouse Anti-Human IFN-γ (Cat. No. 554549) prior to staining. The staining technique and blocking controls are described in detail by C. Prussin and D. Metcalfe. A suitable mouse IgG1 isotype control for assessing the level of background staining on paraformaldehyde-fixed/saponin-permeabilized human cells is FITC Mouse IgG1, κ Isotype Control (Cat. No. 554679); use at comparable concentrations to antibody of interest (e.g. 0.5 µg mAb/1 million cells).