APC Mouse Anti-Human CD152
Clone BNI3 (RUO)
- Brand BD Pharmingen™
- Alternative Name CTLA-4; AILIM; Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte protein 4
- Vol. Per Test 20 µl
- Isotype Mouse BALB/c IgG2a, κ
- Reactivity Human (QC Testing) Rhesus, Cynomolgus, Baboon (Tested in Development)
Flow cytometry (Routinely Tested)
Intracellular staining (flow cytometry) (Tested During Development)
- Immunogen Human CTLA4 Recombinant Protein
- Entrez Gene ID 1493
- Storage Buffer Aqueous buffered solution containing BSA, protein stabilizer, and ≤0.09% sodium azide.
- Regulatory Status RUO
Regulatory Status Legend
The BNI3 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to the human cytolytic T lymphocyte-associated antigen (CTLA-4), also known as CD152. CTLA-4 is transiently expressed on activated CD28+ T cells and binds to CD80 and CD86 present on antigen presenting cells (APC) with high avidity. This interaction appears to deliver a negative regulatory signal to the T cell. Recent reports indicate that CTLA-4 is also expressed on B cells when cultured with activated T cells, suggesting a role for CTLA-4 in the regulation of B-cell response. Immobilized BNI3 antibody enhances T-cell proliferation induced by antibody-mediated crosslinking of CD3 and CD28. Recent studies have shown that CD152 can be expressed by regulatory T (Treg) cells. After cellular fixation and permeabilization, the BNI3 antibody can stain intracellular CD152 expressed in T cells including Treg cells. Clone BNI3 was studied in the VI Leukocyte Typing Workshop.
Clone BNI3 also cross-reacts with a subset of peripheral blood lymphocytes of baboon, and both rhesus and cynomolgus macaque monkeys, following Concanavalin A (Con A) treatment. The distribution of BNI3+ cells following activation is similar to that observed with peripheral blood lymphocytes from normal human donors.
Allophycocyanin (APC), is an accessory photosynthetic pigment found in blue-green algae. Its molecular weight is approximately 105 kDa. APC has six phycocyanobilin chromophores per molecule, which makes it a very bright fluorochrome that is highly suitable for flow cytometry applications. Due to nearly identical excitation and emission properties but different spillover characteristics, APC and Alexa Fluor® 647 cannot be used simultaneously
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Preparation and Storage
Store undiluted at 4°C and protected from prolonged exposure to light. Do not freeze.
The monoclonal antibody was purified from tissue culture supernatant or ascites by affinity chromatography.
The antibody was conjugated to APC under optimum conditions, and unconjugated antibody and free APC were removed.
- This reagent has been pre-diluted for use at the recommended Volume per Test. We typically use 1 × 10^6 cells in a 100-µl experimental sample (a test).
- An isotype control should be used at the same concentration as the antibody of interest.
- Source of all serum proteins is from USDA inspected abattoirs located in the United States.
- Caution: Sodium azide yields highly toxic hydrazoic acid under acidic conditions. Dilute azide compounds in running water before discarding to avoid accumulation of potentially explosive deposits in plumbing.
- For fluorochrome spectra and suitable instrument settings, please refer to our Multicolor Flow Cytometry web page at www.bdbiosciences.com/colors.
- This APC-conjugated reagent can be used in any flow cytometer equipped with a dye, HeNe, or red diode laser.
- Species testing during development may have been performed with a different format of the same clone. Selected applications have been tested for cross-reactivity.
- Please refer to www.bdbiosciences.com/pharmingen/protocols for technical protocols.