FITC Mouse Anti-Human CD16
Clone 3G8 (RUO)
- Brand BD Pharmingen™
- Alternative Name CD16;CD16A;FCGR3A;FcγRIIIA;FcRIIIa;CD16B;FCGR3B;FcγRIIIB;FcRIIIb
- Vol. Per Test 20 µl
- Isotype Mouse BALB/c x DBA/2, also known as CD2F1 or CDF1 IgG1, κ
- Reactivity Rhesus, Cynomolgus, Baboon (QC Testing) Human (Tested in Development)
Flow cytometry (Routinely Tested)
- Immunogen Human polymorphonuclear leukocytes
- Workshop No. IV N409; V MR5, NK80
- Storage Buffer Aqueous buffered solution containing BSA and ≤0.09% sodium azide.
- Regulatory Status RUO
Regulatory Status Legend
The 3G8 monoclonal antibody specifically recognizes CD16a and CD16b, low affinity receptors for the Fc region of IgG. CD16a is ~50-65 kDa type I transmembrane glycoprotein that is encoded by FCGR3A (Fc fragment of IgG receptor IIIa) which belongs to the immunoglobulin superfamily. CD16a is also known as Fc-gamma RIII-alpha (Fc-gamma RIIIa or FcγRIIIA) or FcRIIIa and is expressed on natural killer cells, activated monocytes, macrophages, γδ T cells, immature thymocytes, and mast cells. CD16a binds immune-complexed or aggregated IgG and associates with CD247/TCRζ in NK cells and FcεRIγ chains in phagocytes and mast cells to transduce intracellular signals. CD16a functions in antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) and other antibody-dependent responses including phagocytosis, cytokine production or mediator release. CD16b is a ~48 kDa glycophosyl-phosphatidylinositol (GPI)-linked form that is encoded by FCGR3B (Fc fragment of IgG receptor IIIb). CD16b is also known as Fc-gamma RIII-beta (Fc-gamma RIIIb or FcγRIIIB) or FcRIIIb and is expressed on neutrophils and activated eosinophils. The extracellular region of CD16b is highly homologous to CD16a. CD16b also serves as a receptor for the Fc region of IgG and can bind immune-complexed or aggregated IgG and may be involved in neutrophil adhesion.
The 3G8 antibody also crossreacts with a subset of peripheral blood lymphocytes and monocytes, but not granulocytes, of baboon, rhesus, and cynomolgus monkeys. Multicolor analysis reveals that the distribution on lymphocytes is similar to that found in human studies with the majority of CD16-positive lymphocytes being both CD3 and CD20 negative.
FITC, fluorescein isothiocyanate, is a fluorochrome with a molecular weight of 389 Da. FITC is sensitive to pH changes and photobleaching. Due to nearly identical excitation and emission properties but different spillover characteristics, FITC and Alexa Fluor® 488 cannot be used simultaneously. FITC is relatively dim and should be reserved for highly expressed markers whenever possible.
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Preparation and Storage
Store undiluted at 4°C and protected from prolonged exposure to light. Do not freeze.
The monoclonal antibody was purified from tissue culture supernatant or ascites by affinity chromatography.
The antibody was conjugated to the dye under optimum conditions and unconjugated antibody and free dye were removed.
- This reagent has been pre-diluted for use at the recommended Volume per Test. We typically use 1 × 10^6 cells in a 100-µl experimental sample (a test).
- An isotype control should be used at the same concentration as the antibody of interest.
- Source of all serum proteins is from USDA inspected abattoirs located in the United States.
- Caution: Sodium azide yields highly toxic hydrazoic acid under acidic conditions. Dilute azide compounds in running water before discarding to avoid accumulation of potentially explosive deposits in plumbing.
- For fluorochrome spectra and suitable instrument settings, please refer to our Multicolor Flow Cytometry web page at www.bdbiosciences.com/colors.
- Species cross-reactivity detected in product development may not have been confirmed on every format and/or application.
- Please refer to http://regdocs.bd.com to access safety data sheets (SDS).
- Please refer to www.bdbiosciences.com/us/s/resources for technical protocols.
BD™ CompBeads can be used as surrogates to assess fluorescence spillover (Compensation). When fluorochrome conjugated antibodies are bound to CompBeads, they have spectral properties very similar to cells. However, for some fluorochromes there can be small differences in spectral emissions compared to cells, resulting in spillover values that differ when compared to biological controls. It is strongly recommended that when using a reagent for the first time, users compare the spillover on cell and CompBead to ensure that BD Comp beads are appropriate for your specific cellular application.