APC Mouse Anti-Human CD196 (CCR6)
Clone 11A9 (RUO)
- Brand BD Pharmingen™
- Alternative Name BN-1; C-C CKR-6; C-C chemokine receptor type 6; CC-CKR-6; CCR-6
- Vol. Per Test 5 µl
- Isotype Mouse IgG1, κ
- Reactivity Human (QC Testing) Rhesus, Cynomolgus, Baboon (Tested in Development)
Flow cytometry (Routinely Tested)
- Immunogen Human CD196/CCR6 Peptide
- Workshop No. IX 48
- Entrez Gene ID 1235
- Storage Buffer Aqueous buffered solution containing BSA and ≤0.09% sodium azide.
- Regulatory Status RUO
Regulatory Status Legend
The 11A9 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to CD196, which is also known as CCR6. CCR6 is a seven-transmembrane, G-protein-coupled, glycoprotein receptor that is a member of the beta chemokine receptor family. The human CCR6 gene has been mapped to chromosome 6q27. CCR6 is a receptor for the CC chemokine CCL20/MIP-3alpha/LARC/Exodus and also binds with lower affinity to and mediates responses to beta-defensin2/hBD-2. CCR6 is predominantly expressed by B lymphocytes, certain subsets of effector and memory T cells and by immature dendritic cells but not by monocytes, NK cells, or granulocytes. Skin-homing CLA (Cutaneous Lymphocyte Antigen)-positive memory T cells, Th1 cells, regulatory T cells and IL-17A-producing Th17 cells predominantly express high levels of CCR6. CCR6 mediates the trafficking of T, B, and dendritic cells to epithelial sites near the skin and mucosal surfaces during inflammatory and immunological responses. An N-terminal peptide of human CCR6 was used as an immunogen to generate the 11A9 hybridoma. The 11A9 antibody does not cross-react with human CCR1, CCR2, CCR3, CCR4, CCR5, CCR7, CCR8, CCR9, CXCR1, CXCR2, CXCR3, CXCR4 and CXCR5 receptors. This antibody is NOT a neutralizing antibody.
Allophycocyanin (APC), is an accessory photosynthetic pigment found in blue-green algae. Its molecular weight is approximately 105 kDa. APC has six phycocyanobilin chromophores per molecule, which makes it a very bright fluorochrome that is highly suitable for flow cytometry applications. Due to nearly identical excitation and emission properties but different spillover characteristics, APC and Alexa Fluor® 647 cannot be used simultaneously
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Preparation and Storage
Store undiluted at 4°C and protected from prolonged exposure to light. Do not freeze.
The monoclonal antibody was purified from tissue culture supernatant or ascites by affinity chromatography.
The antibody was conjugated to APC under optimum conditions, and unconjugated antibody and free APC were removed.
- This reagent has been pre-diluted for use at the recommended Volume per Test. We typically use 1 × 10^6 cells in a 100-µl experimental sample (a test).
- An isotype control should be used at the same concentration as the antibody of interest.
- Source of all serum proteins is from USDA inspected abattoirs located in the United States.
- Caution: Sodium azide yields highly toxic hydrazoic acid under acidic conditions. Dilute azide compounds in running water before discarding to avoid accumulation of potentially explosive deposits in plumbing.
- This APC-conjugated reagent can be used in any flow cytometer equipped with a dye, HeNe, or red diode laser.
- For fluorochrome spectra and suitable instrument settings, please refer to our Multicolor Flow Cytometry web page at www.bdbiosciences.com/colors.
- Species testing during development may have been performed with a different format of the same clone. Selected applications have been tested for cross-reactivity.
- Please refer to www.bdbiosciences.com/pharmingen/protocols for technical protocols.
Flow cytometry: Chemokine receptors are known to internalize during manipulation resulting in low frequency expression. Investigators are advised to perform immunophenotyping studies of chemokine receptors on freshly collected samples (<24 Hrs). Incubation with the antibody should be done at 4°C in the dark. Cellular manipulation, such as Ficoll separation, freezing, or exposure to cold temperatures prior to staining should be minimized and have been shown to cause a decrease in staining intensity and/or inconsistent results.
Investigators should note that alternative staining procedures may be neccessary. A multiple-step staining procedure may be helpful, in some instances, to amplify immunofluorescent signals for the flow cytometric analysis of CD196 expression. Investigators may find the Purified Mouse Anti-Human CD196 antibody (Cat. No. 559560) to be useful in conjunction with appropriate secondary and tertiary reagents for detecting low frequency expression, such as with Biotin Goat Anti-Mouse Ig (Cat. No. 553999) and PE Streptavidin (Cat. No. 554061) or APC Streptavidin (Cat. No. 554067).