The 12G5 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to CD184, also known as CXCR4 and Fusin. CD184/CXCR4 is a seven-transmembrane domain, G-protein-linked, glycoprotein chemokine receptor. CD184 serves as a receptor for the C-X-C chemokine, SDF-1. It is expressed on a wide variety of hematopoietic cells including lymphoid and myeloid precursor cells, megakaryocytes, platelets, T and B lymphocytes, granulocytes, monocytes/macrophages, and dendritic cells. It is also expressed on vascular endothelial cells, epithelial cells, neurons and astrocytes. CD184 plays a variety of roles in hematopoiesis, vascularization and neural development. CD184 also functions as a coreceptor for infection with T-cell tropic strains of HIV-1 and as a receptor for CD4-independent infection by some HIV isolates. The 12G5 antibody has been reported to block CD4-independent infection by HIV-2 and CD4-dependent infection by some T-cell tropic isolates of HIV-1.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BV650 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Violet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon BV421 with an Ex Max of 405-nm and an acceptor dye with an Em Max at 650-nm. BD Horizon BV650 can be excited by the violet laser and detected in a filter used to detect APC-like dyes (eg, 660/20-nm filter). Due to the excitation and emission characteristics of the acceptor dye, there will be spillover into the APC and Alexa Fluor® 700 detectors. However, the spillover can be corrected through compensation as with any other dye combination.