The 741182 monoclonal antibody specifically recognizes TIGIT (T cell Immunoreceptor with Ig and ITIM domains) which is also known as Vstm3 (V-set and transmembrane domain-containing 3), Vsig9 (V-set and Ig domain-containing 9) and WUCAM (Washington University Cell Adhesion Molecule). TIGIT is a 30-34 kDa single-pass type I transmembrane glycoprotein that belongs to the CD28 family within the Ig superfamily. TIGIT has an extracellular region with a V-type Ig-like domain, transmembrane sequence, and a cytoplasmic domain with an immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motif (ITIM). TIGIT is expressed on NK cells and subsets of activated and memory T cells, regulatory T cells (Treg), and T follicular helper (Tfh) cells. TIGIT binds to CD112 (PVRL2/Nectin-2) and CD155 (PVR/Necl-5) that are expressed on dendritic cells (DC), endothelial cells, fibroblasts, and some tumor cells and can induce IL-10 release and inhibition of IL-12 production. Ligand-bound TIGIT downregulates TCR-mediated T cell activation and proliferation, and can block NK cell-mediated cytotoxicity.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon BV421 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Violet family of dyes. With an Ex Max near 407 nm and Em Max near 421 nm, BD Horizon BV421 can be excited by the violet laser (405 nm) and detected with a 450/50 nm filter. BD Horizon BV421 conjugates are very bright, often exhibiting a 10 fold improvement in brightness compared to Pacific BlueTM conjugates. Due to nearly identical excitation and emission properties but different spillover characteristics, BD Horizon BV421, Pacific Blue, and BD Horizon V450 cannot be used simultaneously.