The TEA 2/16 monoclonal antibody specifically recognizes CD109 which is also known as C3 and PZP-like alpha-2-macroglobulin domain-containing protein 7 (CPAMD7), Gov platelet alloantigens, or 150 kDa TGF-beta-1-binding protein. CD109 is a 150-170 kDa glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-linked glycoprotein expressed on activated T cells, myeloid progenitor (CD34+) and mature myeloid lineage cells (monocytes, granulocytes, platelets), but not on CD34+ lymphoid progenitor cells. CD109 is also expressed on vein and artery endothelial cells. The expression of CD109 is upregulated on PHA-stimulated T cells. CD109 is reportedly expressed on long-term adult bone marrow cultured cells, where it is co-expressed with CD34 and CD90. Its biological role in hematopoiesis has not been fully elucidated. It may play a role in the negative regulation of transforming growth factor beta receptor signaling.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon BUV615 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome with an Ex Max near 350 nm and an Em Max near 615 nm. BD Horizon Brilliant BUV615 can be excited by the ultraviolet laser (355 nm) and detected with a 610/20 filter and a 595 nm LP. Due to the excitation of the acceptor dye by the blue/yellow-green laser line, there may be significant spillover into channels detecting PE-CF594 like emissions (eg, 610/20-nm filter).