The LG.3A10 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to CD27, a lymphocyte-restricted member of the Tumor Necrosis Factor Receptor family which binds to CD70. The CD27 molecule is a 45-kDa transmembrane glycoprotein which is constitutively expressed by lymphocytes of the T lineage: virtually all thymocytes and over 90% of peripheral T cells bearing both αβ and γδ T-cell receptors. CD27 cooperates with the pre-TCR in mediating thymocyte differentiation and expansion. In addition, one to ten percent of mature peripheral B cells express CD27, and CD27's role in the differentiation of human plasma cells has been studied. Mouse NK cells, freshly isolated and IL-2-activated, also express CD27. In the bone marrow, CD27 is found on a progenitor population which provides short-term hematopoietic reconstitution. Cells of the myeloid lineage do not express CD27. Cross-linked LG.3A10 mAb has been reported to amplify the proliferative response of purified T lymphocytes to suboptimal mitogenic stimulation1 and to enhance NK-cell proliferation and IFN-γ production. In contrast, non-cross-linked LG.3A10 mAb inhibits CD3-induced pre-T cell development by interfering with the receptor-ligand interaction. This hamster mAb to a mouse leukocyte antigen has been observed to cross-react with a similar population of rat leukocytes.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BUV496 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon BUV395 with an Ex Max of 348-nm and an acceptor dye with an Em Max at 496-nm. BD Horizon BUV496 can be excited by the ultraviolet laser (355 nm) and detected with a 515/30 nm filter with a 450LP. Due to the excitation of the acceptor dye by other laser lines, there may be significant spillover into the channel detecting BD Horizon V500 or BV510 (eg, 525/40-nm filter). However, the spillover can be corrected through compensation as with any other dye combination.