The hC3aRZ8 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to the human C3a Receptor (C3aR). C3aR is a seven-transmembrane glycoprotein, G-protein-coupled receptor that is the specific receptor for C3a anaphylatoxin. The C3aR consists of 482 amino acids forming a single polypeptide chain that is encoded by the C3AR1 gene located on chromosome 12 (location 12p13.31). C3aR are expressed by eosinophils, basophils, neutrophils, dendritic cells, monocytes, macrophages, endothelial cells and some T cells. C3a is a bioactive cleavage product released from Complement Component 3 (C3) during complement activation. C3a plays a role in a variety of cellular immune responses as well as being a potent pro-inflammatory agent. In response to bound C3a, this receptor stimulates cellular responses including chemotaxis, granule enzyme release and superoxide anion production and causes increased vascular permeability. In vivo, C3a production can initiate, contribute to, or exacerbate the inflammatory reactions seen in gram-negative bacterial sepsis, trauma, ARDS, ischemic heart disease, post-dialysis syndrome, and several autoimmune diseases including rheumatoid arthritis, lupus erythematosus, and acute glomerulonephritis.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon Red 718, which has been developed exclusively for BD Biosciences as a better alternative to Alexa Fluor® 700. BD Horizon Red 718 can be excited by the red laser (628 – 640 nm) and, with an Em Max around 718 nm, it can be detected using a 730/45 nm filter. Due to similar excitation and emission properties, we do not recommend using R718 in combination with APC-R700 or Alexa Fluor® 700.