The OKT4 monoclonal antibody specifically recognizes CD4 which is also known as T4 and Leu-3. CD4 is expressed on most thymocytes, T-helper/inducer cells, regulatory T cells (Tregs), and NKT cells. It is also variably expressed on monocytes, macrophages, and some dendritic cells. CD4 is a ~55 kDa type I transmembrane glycoprotein that is encoded by CD4 which belongs to the immunoglobulin superfamily (IgSF). CD4 binds to a nonpolymorphic region of MHC class II and serves as a coreceptor, along with the T cell receptor for antigen (TCR), for the MHC Class II-restricted recognition of antigens on antigen-presenting cells. CD4 also functions as a receptor for human immunodeficiency viruses (HIV). CD4 has four immunoglobulin-like extracellular domains in its extracellular region and a CXCP binding motif for p56Lck in its cytoplasmic domain which regulates the antigen-bound TCR-induced signaling cascade.
This antibody is conjugated to BD Horizon™ PE-CF594, which has been developed exclusively by BD Biosciences as a better alternative to PE-Texas Red®. PE-CF594 excites and emits at similar wavelengths to PE-Texas Red® yet exhibits improved brightness and spectral characteristics. Due to PE having maximal absorption peaks at 496 nm and 564 nm, PE-CF594 can be excited by the blue (488-nm), green (532-nm) and yellow-green (561-nm) lasers and can be detected with the same filter set as PE-Texas Red® (eg, 610/20-nm filter).