The SY/11B5 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to CD157 which is also known as BST-1 (Bone marrow stromal antigen 1), BP-3/IF-7, Mo5, ADP-ribosyl cyclase 2, and cADPr hydrolase 2. CD157 is a 40-46 kDa glycophosphatidylinositol-linked cell membrane glycoprotein. It is an ectoenzyme that has both cyclic ADP-ribose hydrolase and ADP-ribosyl cyclase activities. CD157 is expressed as a homodimer by a variety of cell types including bone marrow stromal cells, granulocytes, monocytes, macrophages, dendritic cells, endothelial cells, and B and T cell progenitors. In addition to its ectoenzyme activities, CD157 reportedly functions as a receptor involved in neutrophil and monocyte adhesion, transendothelial migration and diapedesis and in tumor cell migration.
This antibody is conjugated to BD Horizon PE-CF594, which has been developed exclusively by BD Biosciences as a better alternative to PE-Texas Red®. PE-CF594 excites and emits at similar wavelengths to PE-Texas Red® yet exhibits improved brightness and spectral characteristics. Due to PE having maximal absorption peaks at 496 nm and 564 nm, PE-CF594 can be excited by the blue (488-nm), green (532-nm) and yellow-green (561-nm) lasers and can be detected with the same filter set as PE-Texas Red® (eg, 610/20-nm filter).