The 18d3 monoclonal antibody specifically recognizes CD94 on all NK cells, NK1.1- or DX5-positive T lymphocytes (NK-T cells), and a subset of CD8-positive T lymphocytes in most strains tested (eg, A/J, AKR/J, BALB/c, C3H/He, C57BL/6, CBA/J, DBA/1, FVB/N, 129/Sv, NOD, SWR, and most DBA/2 substrains, but not DBA/2J). DBA/2J mice do not express CD94.3 CD94 is also expressed on CD8+ T lymphocytes activated in vivo. CD94 is a type-II transmembrane protein with an extracellular lectin-like domain and a short cytoplasmic tail which is not believed to have any signalling function. Heterodimers of CD94 with NKG2A, NKG2C, or NKG2E recognize Qa-1 (a non-classical MHC class I antigen) presenting the Qdm peptide. Studies on CD94/NKG2 heterodimers on human NK cells have demonstrated that the NKG2 components mediate signal transduction for the receptor, NKG2A being inhibitory and NKG2C being stimulatory. Similarly, the mouse NKG2A molecule contains two intracytoplasmic sequences which resemble the ITIM (Immunoreceptor Tyrosine-based Inhibitory Motif) consensus sequence. CD94/NKG2 receptors appear on fetal NK cells before the Ly- 49 MHC class I receptors, suggesting that CD94/NKG2 receptors and their ligand, Qa-1, may play a role in maintenance of self-tolerance in developing NK cells.
This antibody is conjugated to BD Horizon™ BV605 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Violet family of dyes. With an Ex Max of 407-nm and Em Max of 602-nm, BD Horizon BV605 can be excited by a violet laser and detected with a standard 610/20-nm filter set. BD Horizon BV605 is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon BV421 and an acceptor dye with an Em max at 605-nm. Due to the excitation of the acceptor dye by the green (532 nm) and yellow-green (561 nm) lasers, there will be significant spillover into the PE and BD Horizon PE-CF594 detectors off the green or yellow-green lasers. BD Horizon BV605 conjugates are very bright, often exhibiting brightness equivalent to PE conjugates and can be used as a third color off of the violet laser.