The UP-H1 monoclonal antibody recognizes Immune receptor expressed by myeloid cells 2 (IREM-2) which is also known as CD300 antigen like family member E (CD300e), CMRF35-like molecule 2 (CLM2), or Polymeric immunoglobulin receptor 2 (PIgR2). IREM-2 is a 34 kDa type I transmembrane glycoprotein which belongs to the CMFRF35 subfamily of the immunoglobulin (Ig) superfamily. IREM-2 is expressed on monocytes, macrophages and myeloid dendritic cells (mDCs), but not on lymphoid dendritic cells or granulocytes. IREM-2 associates with DAP-12, an ITAM-containing adapter molecule, which provides activating signals. Crosslinking of IREM-2 leads to intracellular calcium mobilization, release of proinflammatory cytokines such as TNF, and increased expression of activation markers on monocytes and mDCs. IREM-2 activation of mDCs can reportedly enhance the alloreactive response of naive T cells.
This antibody is conjugated to BD Horizon™ BV605 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Violet family of dyes. With an Ex Max of 407-nm and Em Max of 602-nm, BD Horizon BV605 can be excited by a violet laser and detected with a standard 610/20-nm filter set. BD Horizon BV605 is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon BV421 and an acceptor dye with an Em max at 605-nm. Due to the excitation of the acceptor dye by the green (532 nm) and yellow-green (561 nm) lasers, there will be significant spillover into the PE and BD Horizon PE-CF594 detectors off the green or yellow-green lasers. BD Horizon BV605 conjugates are very bright, often exhibiting brightness equivalent to PE conjugates and can be used as a third color off of the violet laser.