The 11A9 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to CD196, which is also known as CCR6. CCR6 is a seven-transmembrane, G-protein-coupled, glycoprotein receptor that is a member of the beta chemokine receptor family. The human CCR6 gene has been mapped to chromosome 6q27. CCR6 is a receptor for the CC chemokine CCL20/MIP-3alpha/LARC/Exodus and also binds with lower affinity to and mediates responses to beta-defensin2/hBD-2. CCR6 is predominantly expressed by B lymphocytes, certain subsets of effector and memory T cells and by immature dendritic cells but not by monocytes, NK cells, or granulocytes. Skin-homing CLA (Cutaneous Lymphocyte Antigen)-positive memory T cells, Th1 cells, regulatory T cells and IL-17A-producing Th17 cells predominantly express high levels of CCR6. CCR6 mediates the trafficking of T, B, and dendritic cells to epithelial sites near the skin and mucosal surfaces during inflammatory and immunological responses. An N-terminal peptide of human CCR6 was used as an immunogen to generate the 11A9 hybridoma. The 11A9 antibody does not cross-react with human CCR1, CCR2, CCR3, CCR4, CCR5, CCR7, CCR8, CCR9, CXCR1, CXCR2, CXCR3, CXCR4 and CXCR5 receptors. This antibody is NOT a neutralizing antibody.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon BUV496 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon BUV395 with an Ex Max of 348-nm and an acceptor dye with an Em Max at 496-nm. BD Horizon BUV496 can be excited by the ultraviolet laser (355 nm) and detected with a 515/30 nm filter with a 450LP. Due to the excitation of the acceptor dye by other laser lines, there may be significant spillover into the channel detecting BD Horizon V500 or BV510 (e.g., 525/40-nm filter). However, the spillover can be corrected through compensation as with any other dye combination.