The SR84 monoclonal antibody specifically recognizes CD49a (CD49 antigen-like family member A). CD49a is a ~200 kDa type I transmembrane molecule that is encoded by ITGA1 (Integrin subunit alpha 1). CD49a is also known as very late antigen 1α subunit (VLA-1) of the integrin family of cell adhesion molecules. CD49a associates with the integrin β1 subunit (CD29) to form the α1/β1 heterodimer (CD49a/CD29), and serves as receptor for collagen and laminin-1. It is expressed on activated T cells, monocytes, neuronal cells and smooth muscle cells. CD49a has been reported to play a role in cell attachment during the development of both the central and peripheral nervous systems.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BV711 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Violet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon BV421 with an Ex Max of 405-nm and an acceptor dye with an Em Max at 711-nm. BD Horizon BV711 can be excited by the violet laser and detected in a filter used to detect Cy™5.5 / Alexa Fluor® 700-like dyes (eg, 712/20-nm filter). Due to the excitation and emission characteristics of the acceptor dye, there may be moderate spillover into the Alexa Fluor® 700 and PerCP-Cy5.5 detectors. However, the spillover can be corrected through compensation as with any other dye combination.