The 1A29 monoclonal antibody specifically recognizes ICAM-1 which is also known as CD54. ICAM-1 is an 85 kDa type I transmembrane glycoprotein that is encoded by Icam1 (Intercellular adhesion molecule 1). It is expressed on vascular endothelium in lymphoid tissues, thymic stromal cells, peripheral blood monocytes, peritoneal macrophages and mast cells, dendritic cells, and weakly on peripheral lymphocytes and thymocytes. ICAM-1 is a ligand for LFA-1 (CD11a/CD18) and Mac-1 (CD11b/CD18). Its expression is upregulated on activated lymphocytes and endothelial cells. 1A29 mAb inhibits Phorbol 12-Myristate 13-Acetate (PMA)-induced aggregation of phytohemagglutinin (PHA)-stimulated splenic blasts, as well as the adhesion of mitogen-stimulated blasts to high endothelial venule (HEV) cells and purified ICAM-1. The 1A29 antibody can reportedly inhibit leucocyte infiltration in in vivo systems, blocks induction of experimental allergic encephalomyelitis, and reduces NK-cell adhesion to tumor cells.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BV650 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Violet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon BV421 with an Ex Max of 405-nm and an acceptor dye with an Em Max at 650-nm. BD Horizon BV650 can be excited by the violet laser and detected in a filter used to detect APC-like dyes (eg, 660/20-nm filter). Due to the excitation and emission characteristics of the acceptor dye, there will be spillover into the APC and Alexa Fluor® 700 detectors. However, the spillover can be corrected through compensation as with any other dye combination.