The HI111 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to CD11a, the 180 kDa integrin α chain. This type I transmembrane glycoprotein associates with CD18 (integrin β2) to form the heterodimeric glycoprotein CD11a/CD18. This heterodimer is also known as the lymphocyte (leukocytes) function associated antigen-1 (LFA-1) that is expressed on all leukocytes. LFA-1 is an adhesion molecule involved in lymphocyte and granulocyte functions. LFA-1 mediates adhesion of lymphoid cells to the vascular endothelium in association with its ligand, and the intracellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), CD54. Other ligands are ICAM-2 (CD102) and ICAM-3 (CD50).
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BV421 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Violet family of dyes. With an Ex Max of 407-nm and Em Max at 421-nm, BD Horizon BV421 can be excited by the violet laser and detected in the standard Pacific Blue™ filter set (eg, 450/50-nm filter). BD Horizon BV421 conjugates are very bright, often exhibiting a 10 fold improvement in brightness compared to Pacific Blue conjugates.